Investigation of Arsenic Removal from Water by Iron-Mixed Mesoporous Pellet in a Continuous Fixed-Bed Column
Natural clay combing with iron oxide and iron particle was developed to be iron-mixed mesoporous pellet that was packed in a fixed-bed column for removing arsenic from water. The performance of the column in terms of breakthrough curve analysis was investigated with the variations of influent flow rate, adsorbent bed height, initial solution pH, and initial adsorbate concentration. The results indicated that increasing in the flow rate decreased the removal capacities of the adsorbent. A relatively low bed height provided a better and beneficial performance. Higher adsorption capacity was observed with an increase of initial adsorbate concentration. At higher initial solution pH, the repulsive process occurred between adsorbate species and the surface charge of the adsorbent, resulting in a poor performance of the column. The Thomas model fitted very well to the experimental data for all cases. Estimated from the model, the highest adsorption capacity for arsenite and arsenate was found to be about 509 and 430 μg/g, respectively. The Adam-Bohart model provided only a relatively satisfactory fit to the initial part of the experimental data. From a practical view, the new developed pellet could be used as the effective and efficient adsorbent to treat elevated arsenic contaminated groundwater.
KeywordsBreakthrough curve Breakthrough time Dynamic adsorption Fixed-bed column Mesoporous adsorbent Saturation time
This study was supported by the Center for Scientific and Technological Equipment and School of Environmental Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.
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