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Evaluation of Mercury, Lead, Arsenic, and Cadmium in Some Species of Fish in the Atrato River Delta, Gulf of Urabá, Colombian Caribbean

  • Sara E. Gallego Ríos
  • Claudia M. Ramírez
  • Beatriz E. López
  • Sara M. Macías
  • Jenny Leal
  • Claudia M. Velásquez
Article

Abstract

The concentrations of mercury, lead, cadmium, and arsenic were evaluated in 96 samples, 12 by each one of the following eight fish species: snook (Centropomus undecimalis), crevalle jack (Caranx hippos), Serra Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus brasiliensis), southern red snapper (Lutjanus purpureus), blue runner (Caranx crysos), Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus), ladyfish (Elops saurus), and Atlantic goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara), which were collected during 1 year in the Atrato River Delta in the Gulf of Urabá, Colombian Caribbean. Three fish were caught from each of the following sites the community usually uses to catch them (known as fishing grounds): Bahía Candelaria, Bahía Marirrío, Bocas del Roto, and Bocas del Atrato. The quantification of metals was performed by microwave-induced plasma-optical emission spectrometry. The Pb concentration fluctuated from 0.672 to 3.110 mg kg−1, surpassing the maximum permissible limit (MPL = 0.3 mg kg−1) for human consumption for all species. The Hg concentration ranged between < Limit of detection and 6.303 mg kg−1, and in the crevalle jack and Atlantic tarpon, concentrations exceeded the MPL (0.5 mg kg−1). The levels of Cd and As were not significant in the studied species and did not exceed the MPL (0.05 mg kg−1).

Keywords

Mercury Lead Arsenic Cadmium Fish Contamination 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The Government of Antioquia, Secretary of Agriculture, AUNAP, the Research Group in Food and Human Nutrition (GIANH), Diagnosis and Control of Pollution Research Group (GDCON), Grupo de Investigación en Sistemas Marinos y Costeros (GISMAC), Ecología Lótica: Islas, Costas y Estuarios (ELICE), and the researchers Nataly Gutiérrez, Luisa María Zapata, Alexander Taborda, Alejandro Sandoval were acknowledge for their support in the achievement of the data and logistics. This work was supported by the General System of Royalties, Universidad de Antioquia and Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero, in the Special Research Agreement 4600000983 signed between the Universidad de Antioquia and the Government of Antioquia: Component 1 “Lineamientos prioritarios para la formulación de un ordenamiento pesquero del Golfo de Urabá” Activity 4: Contenido de metales pesados en algunos recursos pesqueros del delta del río Atrato (Golfo de Urabá: Caribe Colombiano)”.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grupo Impacto de los Componentes Alimentarios en la Salud (ICAS), Escuela de Nutrición y DietéticaUniversidad de AntioquiaMedellínColombia
  2. 2.Grupo de investigación en Socioantropología de la AlimentaciónUniversidad de Antioquia UdeAMedellínColombia
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos, Facultad de Agronomía y AgroindustriasUniversidad Nacional de Santiago del EsteroSantiago del EsteroArgentina
  4. 4.Grupo de Investigación en Sistemas Marinos y Costeros (GISMAC), Corporación Académica AmbientalUniversidad de AntioquiaMedellínColombia
  5. 5.Research Group in Food and Human Nutrition (GIANH)Universidad de Antioquia UdeAMedellínColombia

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