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Matrix Effect Assessment of an Ion Chromatographic Method to Determine Inorganic Anions in Wastewater

  • Rachel B. Costa
  • Priscila R. Camiloti
  • Carolina A. Sabatini
  • Carla E. D. dos Santos
  • Paulo C. F. Lima Gomes
  • Maria Ângela T. Adorno
Article

Abstract

Inorganic anion monitoring is essential for bioreactor operation and is related for pollution control or energy and products recovery. However, there is a lack of studies validating methods for inorganic anions analyses in conditions compatible to those in bioreactor operations treating different types of wastewater. This paper provides a systematic statistical study and matrix-effect assessment for sugarcane vinasse, leachate, sewage and synthetic sewage. Sample preparation consisted of only a filtration and sample dilution. Cl, NO2, NO3, PO43− and SO42− were determined in a Dionex ICS 5000® equipped with a chemical conductivity suppressor. Calibration curves were linear and well-adjusted between 2.5 and 50 mg L−1 for all the anions in all the tested matrices, except PO43− and SO42− in vinasse. A calibration range for PO43− in all tested matrices was 5.0 to 100 mg L−1, whereas a range from 5.0 mg L−1 to 50 mg L−1 was obtained for SO42− in vinasse. All the anions yielded recoveries in the range of 85–115% for all the tested matrices. Relative standard deviations lower than 10 and 2% were achieved for peak areas and retention times, respectively. A signal enhancement was observed for all the tested matrices and all the anions. The matrix effect level varied from −1.7 (NO2 in vinasse) to −33.9% (Cl in leachate). Sewage was the less affected matrix, while leachate gave higher matrix effects. Validation results and the matrix effect assessment showed that a simple sample preparation is suitable for multi-elemental analyses of inorganic anions for complex environmental samples.

Keywords

Inorganic anion determination Complex matrices Standard addition method Environmental chemistry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa no Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP 2009/15984-0) and Professor Marcelo Zaiat for his kind suggestions.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they do not have any conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Biological Processes, Center for Research, Development and Innovations in Environmental Engineering, Sao Carlos School of EngineeringUniversity of Sao Paulo (EESC/USP)São CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Analytical ChemistrySao Paulo State University, UNESPAraraquaraBrazil

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