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Water Resources Management

, Volume 33, Issue 12, pp 4231–4247 | Cite as

The Combined Use of Groundwater Quality, Drawdown Index and Land Use to Establish a Multi-Purpose Groundwater Utilization Plan

  • Ching-Ping Liang
  • Wen-Shuo Hsu
  • Yi-Chi Chien
  • Sheng-Wei Wang
  • Jui-Sheng ChenEmail author
Article

Abstract

Groundwater is abundant and widely used for household consumption, irrigation, and aquaculture in the Lanyang Plain in northeastern Taiwan. However, it is subject to contamination by various anthropogenic activities and natural processes, as well as overexploitation, which has led to land subsidence in the eastern coastal area of this plain. It is becoming increasingly urgent to establish a sound plan for groundwater resource management in the Lanyang Plain to ensure the safe and sustainable use of groundwater to meet demands. The aim of this study is to develop a sound management plan for multipurpose groundwater utilization in the Lanyang Plain. This plan is developed with consideration of the quality and quantity of groundwater, as well as current land use practices. First, the groundwater quality parameters are spatially mapped followed by geographic determination of regions where groundwater quality is safe for different purposes, based on the water quality criteria for drinking, irrigation, and aquaculture. Subsequently, the drawdown index, defined as the ratio of the actual groundwater utilization rate to the transmissivity, is determined for each cell and low drawdown index regions are identified geographically. Information about regions where groundwater quality is safe for different purposes and the regions where the drawdown index is low is integrated to create a map which can be used for the production of a sound management plan for multi-purpose groundwater utilization in the Lanyang Plain. Comparisons between our newly created map and current land use for farmlands and fishponds can provide a basis to review the current land use practices in these regions.

Keywords

Multi-purpose groundwater utilization Kriging Groundwater quality Drawdown index Land use 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Ministry of Science and Technology, Republic of China for their financial support of this research under contract MOST 107-2410-H-242-002.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ching-Ping Liang
    • 1
  • Wen-Shuo Hsu
    • 2
  • Yi-Chi Chien
    • 3
  • Sheng-Wei Wang
    • 4
  • Jui-Sheng Chen
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of NursingFooyin UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Applied GeologyNational Central UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Engineering and ScienceFooyin UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan
  4. 4.Sinotech Environmental Technology, LtdTaipei CityTaiwan

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