Rational Function Method for Allocating Water Resources in the Coupled Natural-Human Systems
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Allocating water resources in coupled natural-human systems is largely determined by available water (W), water demand (D), water demand and the regional characteristics of water resources management (m). As the interactions among these factors have evolved with hydrological and societal changes in the environment, water resources allocation models based on optimization and simulation techniques become more complicated and are challenged to meet the requirements of generating detailed but simple simulations that yield practical allocation results. Unlike the simulation-optimization model, we have proposed a rational function method for allocating water resources based on the physical mechanism of water use. The validity of the proposed method has been examined through the comparison of results from the Mike Basin optimal water resources allocation model. The sensitivity and the controlling factors of the rational function method are analyzed theoretically and applied in our case study. The result of the absolute value of mean percentage error (MPE) in every study unit is less than 2%, which indicates that the estimated the amounts of water resources allocation from proposed model agree well with the performance of the MIKE BASIN model. We have also identified two critical values at W / D = 1 and m = 2. The index of water richness (W / D) plays more important role than m when m > 2 and a lesser role when m < 2. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that aside from the water richness index, water demand, reservoir operation, and water management level are also significant factors for water resources allocation.
KeywordsRational method Water resources allocation Optimization model Mike Basin
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 91647106, 51579183, 51539009 and 51525902).
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