Water Resources Management

, Volume 32, Issue 14, pp 4487–4509 | Cite as

Multi-Objective Surface Water Resource Management Considering Conflict Resolution and Utility Function Optimization

  • Hadi Tarebari
  • Amir Hossein JavidEmail author
  • Seyyed Ahmad Mirbagheri
  • Hedayat Fahmi


In the present research, a multi-objective model is developed for surface water resource management in the river basin area which is connected to the lake. This model considers different components of sustainable water resource management including economic, social and environmental aspects, and simultaneously tries to resolve conflicts between different stakeholders by means of non-symmetric Nash bargaining, which is linked to the multi-objective optimization method. This study proposes a new methodology to improve Nash Conflict Resolution through finding the optimum degree of the utility function. The proposed model is examined in the Zarrineh River basin in Iran. The results show that the amount of available resources or volume of reservoirs play a significant role in determining the optimal degree of the utility function and efficiency of the proposed method in such a way that the higher amount of resources or the larger reservoirs will result in the higher optimal degree of the utility function. In the proposed multi-objective model, two different amounts of surface water inflow are considered. The first assumed amount is the long-term average flow rate and the second one is equal to 80% of the first mode, which is reduced based on the estimated impacts of climate changes. This multi-objective allocation model could supply 100 and 97.5% of the environmental demand of Lake Urmia in the first and second situations, respectively.


Water allocation Conflict resolution Nash bargaining Utility function Zarrineh River Environmental demand 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hadi Tarebari
    • 1
  • Amir Hossein Javid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Seyyed Ahmad Mirbagheri
    • 2
  • Hedayat Fahmi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringK. N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.Ministry of Energy (MOE)TehranIran

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