Informal Giving in Turkey

  • David A. CampbellEmail author
  • Ali Çarkoğlu
Original Paper


Scholarly research about philanthropy has de-emphasized informal giving to friends, neighbors and others in need. Yet, informal giving is a critical element of philanthropy, particularly in settings with less well-developed civil society institutions. This paper examines informal giving in Turkey, based on two surveys of Turkish citizens conducted in 2004 and 2015. The surveys find much higher levels of informal giving than formal giving, though the level of informal giving decreased between 2004 and 2015. Donors directed their giving more to family member and others in need than to neighbors. In contrast to studies from most other countries, Turks overwhelmingly prefer giving to individuals rather than institutions. Determinants of informal giving, however, are largely consistent with other research on the motivations for giving.


Philanthropy Turkey Giving motivations Informal giving 



This study was funded by the Turkish think tank TÜSEV. Ali Çarkoğlu has received other research grants TÜSEV; however, TÜSEV does not have a financial interest in the results.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationBinghamton UniversityBinghamtonUSA
  2. 2.School of Administrative and Social SciencesKoç UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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