Virtual Volumetric Graphics on Commodity Displays Using 3D Viewer Tracking


Three dimensional (3D) displays typically rely on stereo disparity, requiring specialized hardware to be worn or embedded in the display. We present a novel 3D graphics display system for volumetric scene visualization using only standard 2D display hardware and a pair of calibrated web cameras. Our computer vision-based system requires no worn or other special hardware. Rather than producing the depth illusion through disparity, we deliver a full volumetric 3D visualization—enabling users to interactively explore 3D scenes by varying their viewing position and angle according to the tracked 3D position of their face and eyes. We incorporate a novel wand-based calibration that allows the cameras to be placed at arbitrary positions and orientations relative to the display. The resulting system operates at real-time speeds (∼25 fps) with low latency (120–225 ms) delivering a compelling natural user interface and immersive experience for 3D viewing. In addition to objective evaluation of display stability and responsiveness, we report on user trials comparing users’ timings on a spatial orientation task.

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    A video demo of the system is available in the Supplementary Material.


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Correspondence to John Collomosse.

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Malleson, C., Collomosse, J. Virtual Volumetric Graphics on Commodity Displays Using 3D Viewer Tracking. Int J Comput Vis 101, 519–532 (2013) doi:10.1007/s11263-012-0533-8

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  • Volumetric display
  • 3D graphics
  • Tracking
  • Kalman filter
  • Camera Calibration