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Virus Genes

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 433–439 | Cite as

Signaling pathways involved in regulating apoptosis induction in host cells upon PRRSV infection

  • Lihong FanEmail author
Review Paper
  • 671 Downloads

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is the etiologic agent of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), a devastating disease of swine that poses a serious threat to the swine industry worldwide. The induction of apoptosis in host cells is suggested to be the key cellular mechanism that contributes to the pathogenesis of PRRS. Various signaling pathways have been identified to be involved in regulating PRRSV-induced apoptosis. In this review, we summarize the potential signaling pathways that contribute to PRRSV-induced apoptosis, and propose the issues that need to be addressed in future studies for a better understanding of the molecular basis underlying the pathogenesis of PRRS.

Keywords

PRRSV Apoptosis Signaling pathways Mitochondrial pathway Death receptor pathway 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, 31671945).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The author has no conflicts of interest to disclosure.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This is a review article and the article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary MedicineChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina

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