Virus Genes

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 191–197 | Cite as

Nasal virome of dogs with respiratory infection signs include novel taupapillomaviruses

  • Eda Altan
  • M. Alexis Seguin
  • Christian M. Leutenegger
  • Tung Gia Phan
  • Xutao Deng
  • Eric DelwartEmail author


Using viral metagenomics, we characterized the mammalian virome of nasal swabs from 57 dogs with unexplained signs of respiratory infection showing mostly negative results using the IDEXX Canine Respiratory Disease RealPCR™ Panel. We identified canine parainfluenza virus 5, canine respiratory coronavirus, carnivore bocaparvovirus 3, canine circovirus and canine papillomavirus 9. Novel canine taupapillomaviruses (CPV21-23) were also identified in 3 dogs and their complete genome sequenced showing L1 nucleotide identity ranging from 68.4 to 70.3% to their closest taupapillomavirus relative. Taupapillomavirus were the only mammalian viral nucleic acids detected in two affected dogs, while a third dog was coinfected with low levels of canine parainfluenza 5. A role for these taupapillomavirues in canine respiratory disease remains to be determined.


Papillomaviridae Papillomavirus Taupapillomavirus Canine Next generation sequencing Respiratory infection 



We acknowledge the support from Vitalant Research Institute and IDEXX laboratories.

Authors’ contributions

ED, CML and EA designed the study. EA, TGP and MAS performed the experiments. ED, EA and XD analyzed the data. ED and EA wrote the manuscript. ED and CML edited the manuscript and provided funding. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Supplementary material

11262_2019_1634_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (12 kb)
Supplementary material 1. Primers were used in this study. PCR primers used to identify taupapilllomavirus positive samples in the pool samples and complete the genomes (XLSX 12 KB)
11262_2019_1634_MOESM2_ESM.pptx (424 kb)
Supplementary material 2. ORF maps of CPV21, 22, 23 and CPV13. GenBank accession numbers; MH285952, MH285953, MH285954 (PPTX 424 KB)
11262_2019_1634_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (10 kb)
Supplementary material 3. Predicted open reading frames (ORFs) in the genome of CPV21, 22, 23. The predicted ORFs and characteristics of their putative protein products (XLSX 10 KB)
11262_2019_1634_MOESM4_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 4. Genome motifs of CPV21, 22, 23. Table include ; Genome length, GC content, the long control region, zinc binding domains, ATP binding site, leucine-zipper domain, Cycling A interaction motif, Polyadenylation signal, E1 C-terminal, E1 N-terminal (DOCX 15 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eda Altan
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Alexis Seguin
    • 3
  • Christian M. Leutenegger
    • 4
  • Tung Gia Phan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xutao Deng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric Delwart
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Vitalant Research InstituteSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.IDEXX Laboratories, Inc.WestbrookUSA
  4. 4.IDEXX Laboratories, Inc.West SacramentoUSA

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