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Virus Genes

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 1–11 | Cite as

Molecular aspects of Rift Valley fever virus and the emergence of reassortants

  • Natasha N. GaudreaultEmail author
  • Sabarish V. Indran
  • Velmurugan Balaraman
  • William C. Wilson
  • Juergen A. RichtEmail author
Article
  • 154 Downloads

Abstract

Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV) is a mosquito-transmitted pathogen endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. RVFV is a threat to both animal and human health and has costly economic consequences mainly related to livestock production and trade. Competent hosts and vectors for RVFV are widespread, existing outside of endemic countries including the USA. Thus, the possibility of RVFV spreading to the USA or other countries worldwide is of significant concern. RVFV (genus Phlebovirus) is comprised of an enveloped virion containing a three-segmented, negative-stranded RNA genome that is able to undergo genetic reassortment. Reassortment has the potential to produce viruses that are more pathogenic, easily transmissible, and that have wider vector or host range. This is especially concerning because of the wide use of live attenuated vaccine strains throughout endemic countries. This review focuses on the molecular aspects of RVFV, genetic diversity of RVFV strains, and RVFV reassortment.

Keywords

Rift Valley fever Phlebovirus Replication Genetic diversity Reassortment 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary MedicineKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  2. 2.United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Arthropod Borne Animal Disease Research UnitManhattanUSA

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