Oxidative state in the estrus cycle of the buffaloes: a preliminary study

  • R. L. SciorsciEmail author
  • M. Galgano
  • M. Mutinati
  • A. Rizzo
Regular Articles


The oxidative status, the relationship between oxidizing agents (free radicals) and antioxidant system, is able to influence the correct performance of the estrus cycle. The aim of the experimentation was to define a first range of physiological values of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the biological antioxidant potential (BAP), found during the phases of the buffalo estrus cycle. In this study, blood samples were taken from 30 buffaloes in various phases of the estrus cycle (estrus, diestrus, anestrus), on which serum determinations, by a photometer, of BAP and ROS have been carried out. The highest ROS values were detected during estrus and this is due to the primary role they play in determining ovulation. The highest levels of BAP have been found in diestrus, when they perform protective action against oxidative damage in the ovaries and uterus.


Buffalo Oxidative status Estrus Diestrus Anestrus 


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted (Ethics Committee for animal experimentation, No. prot. 27/18).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. Sciorsci
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Galgano
    • 1
  • M. Mutinati
    • 2
  • A. Rizzo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Bari Aldo MoroValenzanoItaly
  2. 2.BariItaly

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