Chemical and color characterization of breast meat from FUNAAB indigenous and marshal broiler chickens
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The study was conducted to evaluate breast meat quality attributes of Marshal and FUNAAB Indigenous (Alpha C13 and Alpha C14) Broiler (FIB) chickens. Birds of average live weights (1.8 to 2.0 kg) were selected from flock fed same concentrate diet and managed under deep litter system. Birds were slaughtered, scalded in hot water at 65 °C, de-feathered, and frozen-stored. Proximate, mineral, cholesterol contents, pH, color, and fatty acid profile of the chickens’ meat were determined. Data were subjected to ANOVA (p < 0.05). Moisture (73.87%) and fat (2.82%) contents of Marshal were higher than FIB. Protein (23.65%) and ash (1.56%) were highest (p < 0.05) for Alpha C14. pH ranged between 5.94 and 6.58. Lightness (L*) and redness (a*) values were 69.37–75.52 and 8.77–7.96. Alpha C13 had significantly higher L* and a* than Marshal. Potassium was most abundant mineral observed across breeds. Saturated (SFA, 38.03–57.10%), monounsaturated (MUFA, 29.78–41.55%), and polyunsaturated (PUFA, 10.91–20.29%) fatty acid compositions differed significantly among breeds. Cholesterol contents of Alpha C14 (4.23 mg/kg) was significantly lower, while Marshal (5.67 mg/kg) chicken showed significantly higher value. Conclusively, FIB chickens are valuable nutritional meat sources with desirable chemical composition and can constitute alternative chicken meats with human health benefit.
KeywordsCholesterol content Fatty acid profile M. pectoralis Mineral and proximate compositions
The authors wish to acknowledge support from Africa Centre of Excellence in Agricultural Development and Sustainable Environment with World Bank Grant No. ACE 023.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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