Advertisement

Farmer’s perception regarding constraints faced in adoption of dairy farming practices in Sindh province, Pakistan

  • Jaffar AliEmail author
  • Aijaz Ali Khooharo
  • Zaheeruddin Mirani
  • Badar Naseem Siddiqui
Regular Articles
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

The present study was conducted to explore the farmer’s perception regarding constraints faced in adoption of dairy farming practices in Sindh province of Pakistan. The data were collected from 133 project dairy farmers of Pakistan Dairy Development Company (PDDC) and 133 non-PDDC dairy farmers. The constraints were measured with three-point continuum scale. The survey results revealed that on overall basis, technical, financial, and physical constraints, viz., poor conception rate of artificial insemination (AI) in buffaloes, high price of concentrates, high cost of treatment, etc. received higher scores for both groups (PDDC and non-PDDC farmers). In contrast, overall mean scores were relatively low for knowledge (lack of knowledge about proper time of AI/natural service, heat detection, disease control, scientific housing, clean milk production), skills (lack of technical skills regarding fodder conservation and preparation of balanced ration), and lack of financial support by government, etc.; recorded as severe constraints with higher scores for non-PDDC farmers as compared to PDDC farmers. These results indicate that augmenting extension services through PDDC on training and technical know-how is essential to overcome constraints of adoption by farmers who never adopted the practices, while technical, financial, and physical support to farmers are critical for a wider scale, sustained adoption of livestock practices.

Keywords

Farmer’s perception Constraints Adoption Dairy farming practices Sindh 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study is the self funded and part of PhD dissertation of the first author. However, many thanks are extended to the supervisory committee for their guidance and technical support throughout the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Afzal, M. 2006. Investment opportunities in livestock sector in Pakistan. Published in “The News” Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi on September, 18.Google Scholar
  2. Afzal, M. 2007. Report on dairy sector of Pakistan, Publication of Livestock and Dairy Development Board, Islamabad.Google Scholar
  3. Ahmad, S., Burrell, D., Rashhed, R. and Sultana, S. 2008. Impact of PDDC model farm programme on the socio-economic conditions of dairy farmers in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45(2): 372–380.Google Scholar
  4. Ahmad, I., Nazar, M. S., Arifullah, S., Akram M. and Farid, N. 2009. A non-conventional way of getting extension to farmers. Sarhad J. Agric., 25(4): 623–627.Google Scholar
  5. Ahmad, S., Hinch, G., Prior, J., Thomas, P. and Burrell, D. 2012. The role of extension in changing the dairy industry in Pakistan: a review. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22: 113–116.Google Scholar
  6. Ahmed, M. A. M., Ehui, S. and Assefa, Y. 2004. Dairy development in Ethiopia. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2033 K Street, NW Washington D. C. 20006, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  7. Ali, S. 2011. Economic losses due to delayed conception in dairy animals of small farmers in district Gujranwala. M.Sc. (Hons). Thesis. Department of Agric. Economics, UAF, Faisalabad.Google Scholar
  8. Ashraf, S., Iftikhar, M., Khan, G. A., Shahbaz, B. and Ashraf, I. 2013. Performance evaluation of the dairy farmers regarding adoption of precise dairy farming practices in the Punjab, Pakistan. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 8(29): 4074–4080.Google Scholar
  9. Bajwa, R. 2004. Agricultural extension and the role of the private sector in Pakistan. National Rural Support Programme, Islamabad, Pakistan. In: New direction for a diverse planet: Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress Brisbane, Australia, 26 Sep-1 Oct.Google Scholar
  10. Bajwa, M. S., Ahmad, M. and Ali, T. 2010. An analysis of effectiveness of extension methods used in Farmers Field School (FFS) Approach for agricultural extension work in Punjab, Pakistan. J. Agric. Res., 48(2): 259–265.Google Scholar
  11. Bilal, M. Q. 2004. Dairy farming (An Urdu publication), Zarai Digest Publications. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. ISBN # 969–8237-17-8.Google Scholar
  12. Dubey, Y. K., Sharma, M. L. and Yadaw, K. N. 2012. Problems faced in adoption of improved dairy farming practices by the dairy farmers of Raipur city. Res. J. Animal Hus. & Dairy Sci., 3(1): 30–33.Google Scholar
  13. Fita, L., M. Trivedi and Tassew, B. 2012. Adoption of improved dairy husbandry practices and its relationship with socio-economic characteristics of dairy farmers in Ada’a district of Oromia State, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 4(14): 392–395.Google Scholar
  14. Government of Pakistan. 2009. Economic survey. Economic Advisor’s Wing, Finance Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.Google Scholar
  15. Government of Pakistan. 2012. Year Book 2011–12. Economic wing. Ministry of National food Security and Research, Islamabad, Pakistan.Google Scholar
  16. Government of Pakistan. 2015. Economic survey. Economic Advisor’s Wing, Finance Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.Google Scholar
  17. Gracia, O., Mahmood, K. and Hemme, T. 2003. A review of milk production in Pakistan with particular emphasis on small-scale producers. PPLPI Working paper No. 3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.Google Scholar
  18. Khan M. J., Abbas, A., Naeem, M., Ayaz, M. M. and Akhter, S. 2013. Current issues and future prospectus of dairy sector in Pakistan, Science Technology and Development, 32(2): 126–139.Google Scholar
  19. Kumar, Y. and Kumar, G. 2017. Problems faced by members and non-members of dairy co-operatives in adoption of improved management practices in district Saharanpur of U.P. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci., 8(1): 30–36.Google Scholar
  20. Lokhande, J. P., Jha, S. K. and Vaidya, M. D. 2012. Constraints perceived by the dairy farmers in adoption of scientific dairy farming practices. J. Dairying, Foods & Home Sciences, 31(1): 42–46.Google Scholar
  21. Luqman, M., Ahmed, K., Ashraf, M. Y. and Khan, Z. I. 2007. Effectiveness of decentralized agricultural extension system: a case of Pakistan. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8: 1465–1472.Google Scholar
  22. Makwana, Shri. Girish D. and Modi, R. 2016. Constraints of milk production: a study on cooperative and non-cooperative dairy farms in Kheda district of Gujarat. Indian Journal of Applied Research, 6(5): 464–466.Google Scholar
  23. Mohi, A. K. and Bhatti, J. S. 2006. Constraints encountered by dairy farmers in adoption of improved dairy farming practices. J. Dairying, Foods & Home Sciences, 25(1): 47–50.Google Scholar
  24. Muhammad, G., Bilal, M. Q., Saghir, A. and Sami-Ullah, M. 2014. Adoption gap in livestock production practices. The International Asian Research Journal, 2(3): 05–09.Google Scholar
  25. Murai, A. S. and Singh, B. K. 2011. Differential adoption of scientific dairy farming practices and related constraints. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu., 11(2): 46–49.Google Scholar
  26. Pakistan Dairy Development Company. 2006. The White Revolution—White paper on Pakistan’s dairy sector.Google Scholar
  27. Patil, A. P., Gawande, S. H., Nande, M. P. and Gobade, M. R. 2009. Constarints faced by the dairy farmers in Nagpur district while adopting animal management practices. Vet. World, 2(3): 111–112.Google Scholar
  28. Ranawat, Y. and Ram, H. 2015. Constraints encountered by the farmers in adoption of modern maize production techniques. Agriculture Update, 10(1): 44–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rauf, H. A., Mushtaq, K., Abedullah and Ghafoor, A. 2014. The effect of adoption of better farm management practices in the technical efficiency of dairy farms in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences, 12: 144–149.Google Scholar
  30. Raza, S. A., Ali, A. and Mehboob, F. 2012. Role of agriculture in economic growth of Pakistan. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 83: 180–186.Google Scholar
  31. Sarita, Singh, S. P. Gautam and Ahuaj, R. 2017. An analysis of constraints perceived by dairy farmers in Murrah tract of Haryana State. Int. J. Pure Appl. Biosci., 5(5): 1048–1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sarker, D. and Ghosh, B. K. 2010. Constraints of milk production: a study on cooperative and non-cooperative dairy farms in West Bengal. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 23: 303–314.Google Scholar
  33. Shahbaz, M., Saleem, W., Syed, A., Aslam, M., Arshad, J., Farooq, A., Masood, S. A. and Shaheen, M. 2012. Evaluating the factors responsible for slow rate of technology diffusion in livestock sector of South Asia and developing a framework to accelerate this process: a case study using data analysis for Pakistan’s livestock sector. Life Science Journal, 9(3): 23–30.Google Scholar
  34. Shahid, H., Shafique, O. and Shokat, A. 2012. Dairy industry of Pakistan. European Journal of Business and Management, 4: 1–4.Google Scholar
  35. Singh, P., Bhatti, J. S., Hundal, J. S. and Kansal, S. K. 2015. Constraints faced by farmers in adoption of dairy as entrepreneurship. Haryana Veterinarian, 54(1): 67–69.Google Scholar
  36. Tirkey, S. 2013. Study on prevalent dairy practices among Tribals of Ranchi district. Master thesis. Faculty of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, BIRSA Agricultural University, Ranchi, Jharkhand.Google Scholar
  37. Williamson, S. 2002. Challenges for farmer participation in integrated and organic production of agricultural tree crops: review article. Bi-control News and Information, 23(1): 25–36. Pesticide Action Network, London, U.K.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Education, Extension and Short CoursesSindh Agriculture UniversityTandojamPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural ExtensionPMAS Arid Agriculture UniversityRawalpindiPakistan

Personalised recommendations