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A serologic study on Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered sheep and goats in Qazvin Province, Iran

  • Nasrin Izadyar
  • Bahareh Abd Nikfarjam
  • Ahmad Reza Esmaeili Rastaghi
  • Safar Ali Alizadeh
  • Peyman Heydarian
  • Mehrzad SaraeiEmail author
Short Communications

Abstract

Background

Toxoplasma gondii is a common protozoan parasite among all mammals, in particular small ruminants, worldwide. Traditional husbandry can be a major risk factor for infection of sheep and goats with this parasite.

Objectives

The present study aimed to determine the current status of the prevalence for T. gondii in livestock of Qazvin Province.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, the sera of 455 sheep and 375 goats were examined to detect anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies by using in-house indirect ELISA.

Results

Overall, 33.62% (153/455) of sheep and 36.41% (130/375) of goats were positive for anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies with no statistically significant difference. The prevalence rate of T. gondii among the sheep of Qazvin County was significantly higher than in Abyek and Abhar counties (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

The results of the present study indicate that the prevalence of T. gondii in sheep and goats of the study area is high. Therefore, the meat of the animals reared in this area can be a potential source of human infections by this parasite.

Keywords

Toxoplasma gondii ELISA Sheep Goat Qazvin Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors highly acknowledge the Research Department of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences for financially supporting this project (grant number 864). We also thank the sincere cooperation of the management office and the staff of Buin-Zahra slaughterhouse and the Parasitology and Mycology Department of Shahid Babaei Medical School affiliated to Qazvin University of Medical Sciences for their technical assistance. Our thank also goes to Dr. Ali-Asghar Pahlevan for editing the final version of the English manuscript. The results described in this article are part of an MSc dissertation conducted by MS Nasrin Izadyar at the Department of Parasitology and Mycology.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nasrin Izadyar
    • 1
  • Bahareh Abd Nikfarjam
    • 2
  • Ahmad Reza Esmaeili Rastaghi
    • 3
  • Safar Ali Alizadeh
    • 4
  • Peyman Heydarian
    • 1
    • 4
  • Mehrzad Saraei
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of MedicineQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran
  2. 2.Department of Immunology, School of MedicineQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran
  3. 3.Department of ParasitologyPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran
  4. 4.Cellular and Molecular Research CenterQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran

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