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Epidemiological assessment of clinical poultry cases through the government veterinary hospital-based passive surveillance system in Bangladesh: a case study

  • Md. Ashiqur RahmanEmail author
  • Md. Mahbubur Rahman
  • Md. Sadeque Abdullah
  • Md. Abu Sayeed
  • Md. Harun Rashid
  • Rashed Mahmud
  • Joseph P. Belgrad
  • Md. Ahasanul Hoque
Regular Articles
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

An epidemiological assessment of clinical poultry cases recorded through the existing passive surveillance at Kishoreganj District Veterinary Hospital during February–March 2016 was performed. A total of 200 cases (87 layers, 80 broilers, 21 ducks, and 12 pigeons) were included in this evaluation. The present study attempted to demonstrate the usefulness of passive surveillance data in quantifying the relative burden of poultry cases and their distribution along with drug prescription patterns. The cases were diagnosed based on clinical history, clinical signs, and observable post-mortem lesions by the registered veterinarian or intern veterinarian. The most prevalent diseases in chickens were infectious bursal disease (IBD) (31.7%; CI (confidence interval) 24.7–39.3%), coccidiosis (22.8%; CI 16.6–29.8%), Newcastle disease (ND) (21.6%; CI 15.5–28.5%), and coli-enteritis (8.4%; CI 4.6–13.6%). The most prevalent disease in ducks was duck plague (DP) (76.6%; CI 52.8–91.7%). Newcastle disease was most prevalent (66.7%; CI 34.8–90.0%) in pigeons. Infectious bursal disease, aspergillosis, and colibacillosis respectively were seen in a higher proportion of cases in broiler chickens than in layer chickens (58.7%, 12.5%, and 11.2% vs. 6.9%, 1.1%, and 3.4%; p ≤ 0.05). Contrarily, ND was seen in greater proportion of cases in layer chickens (32.1%) than in broiler chickens (10.0%) (p < 0.001). Infectious bursal disease, ND, coccidiosis, and aspergillosis were higher in older age broilers than in younger broilers (p ≤ 0.05). Antibiotics were often used to treat the poultry diseases such as trimethoprim with sulpha drugs (41%), ciprofloxacin (39%), sulphadiazine (27.5%), and erythromycin (26%). Through the present study, we can see how a passive surveillance system would be an effective tool for delineating disease distributions and common treatment regimens, thus helping to mitigate disease prevalence.

Keywords

Poultry diseases Drug prescription Government veterinary hospital Bangladesh 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Mohammad Ali, District Livestock Officer, Kishoreganj and Dr. Md. Bahadur Ali, Veterinary Surgeon, Kishoreganj District Veterinary Hospital, Kishoreganj, Bangladesh, for their cordial cooperation and time during the research period.

Authors’ contribution

Md. Ashiqur Rahman, along with the local veterinarian, did postmortems, treatment, data collection, data analysis, and MS writing. Joseph P Belgrad contributed to MS writing. Md. Sadeque Abdullah supported in data analysis. Md. Abu Sayeed supported through map construction and reviewing the MS. Md. Harun Rashid and Rashed Mahmud reviewed the MS and helped in MS writing as well. Md. Mahbubur Rahman supervised the first author during the internship period at KDVH and reviewed the MS. Md. Ahasanul Hoque helped in designing the study and writing the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of animal rights

As this study mostly dealt with poultry, there was no existence of animal ethical issue.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11250_2018_1782_MOESM1_ESM.docx (12 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 11 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Ashiqur Rahman
    • 1
    Email author return OK on get
  • Md. Mahbubur Rahman
    • 1
  • Md. Sadeque Abdullah
    • 1
  • Md. Abu Sayeed
    • 1
  • Md. Harun Rashid
    • 1
  • Rashed Mahmud
    • 1
  • Joseph P. Belgrad
    • 2
  • Md. Ahasanul Hoque
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineChittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityChittagongBangladesh
  2. 2.Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary MedicineNorth GraftonUSA

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