Assessment of Awareness about Antibiotic Resistance and Practices Followed by Veterinarians for Judicious Prescription of Antibiotics: An Exploratory Study in Eastern Haryana Region of India

  • Vikash KumarEmail author
  • Jancy Gupta
  • H. R. Meena
Regular Articles


The rise of antibiotic resistance and its global outreach has recently become a subject of increasing importance in veterinary research with an objective to reduce the load of antibiotic resistance in dairy farming practices. The present study was designed to analyze antibiotic prescriptions by veterinarians and to evaluate the appropriateness of prescribing behavior in consistent with prudent use of antibiotics. A total of 48 veterinarians were selected randomly from government Veterinary hospitals constituting a total of 48 veterinarians as respondents. The study revealed that most of prescriptions corresponded sound to prudent use of antibiotic and its treatment guidelines. To assess their awareness about antibiotic resistance and its related veterinary practices, an exclusively Awareness Index of antibiotic resistance was developed. It was observed that antibiotics were prescribed in initial encounter of diagnosis; thus, antibiotic conservation practices were found lacking. The ethical awareness of veterinarians was found lacking to establish valid veterinary-client relationship and ensure active involvement of stakeholders. This study largely looks into this angle by unearthing the drug prescribing behavior in order to shape the interdisciplinary research on this biological and profoundly social issue.


Antibiotic resistance Antibiotic conservation Awareness Index Prudent use Veterinary-client relationship 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interest.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Dairy Research InstituteKarnalIndia

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