Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 373–382 | Cite as

Determinants of adoption of alternative response to foot and mouth disease: micro-level evidence of smallholder pastoralist in north East District, Botswana

  • Charity Masole
  • Oscar Ingasia AyuyaEmail author
  • John Cassius Moreki
Regular Articles


This paper examines factors influencing the adoption of alternative response to Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) among smallholder beef producers in the dry lands of Africa, specifically, North East district in Botswana. Principal component analysis was used to categorise FMD responses. Thereafter, a multivariate probit regression model was used to examine the effect of socioeconomic and institutional factors on the adoption of alternative responses to FMD. The study found that household size, opportunity cost incurred, frequency of contact with extension officers, training received on FMD, distance to the nearest market, as well as distance to grazing and water areas had a positive effect on the adoption of alternative responses to the outbreak. We conclude that although producers are aware of the detriments of FMD to their livelihoods, some still choose not to adopt the responses and socioeconomic and institutional characteristics play a role.


Adoption Alternative responses Botswana Dry lands Foot and mouth disease Multivariate probit 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charity Masole
    • 1
  • Oscar Ingasia Ayuya
    • 1
    Email author
  • John Cassius Moreki
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness ManagementEgerton UniversityEgertonKenya
  2. 2.Department of Corporate Services, Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food SecurityGaboroneBotswana

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