Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 205–211 | Cite as

Performance and ingestive behavior of steers on integrated system using legume and/or energy supplementation

  • Eduardo Lisbinski
  • Ricardo Ronsani
  • João de Assis Farias
  • Wagner Paris
  • Roberta Farenzena
  • Fernanda Stanqueviski
  • Luís Fernando Glasenapp de MenezesEmail author
Regular Articles


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a mixture of temperate and legume grasses with or without energy supplementation on the performance and feeding behavior of finishing beef steers. Eighteen Nellore-Zebu steers, average 23 months old and body weight (BW) of 380 kg, were used in a continuous grazing system, in a randomized block experimental design. Treatments were ORS: oat (Avena strigosa Schreb) + annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam) + supplementation with corn bran; ORVS: oat + ryegrass + vetch (Vicia sativa L.) + supplementation with corn bran; and ORV: oat + ryegrass + vetch. Evaluations were conducted on pasture (forage mass, sward height, herbage accumulation, botanical composition, and chemical composition) and animal (performance and ingestive behavior). Stocking rate and forage mass were greater in treatments with energy supplementation (ORVS and ORS), thus presenting greater sward heights compared to the treatment without supplementation. There was greater participation of oats and ryegrass when vetch was absent (ORS). The presence of supplement (ORS and ORVS) increased the presence of oat stem. The presence of the supplement caused the contribution of the vetch to be lower, likely because of the higher animal load of these treatments. The higher presence of vetch increased crude protein content in the ORV treatment. The ORS exhibited greater gain per area compared to the ORV. Supplemented animals had lower grazing and greater idle time. The ORS treatment animals spent more time in other activities and consumed supplementation and less time grazing than the other treatments. The absence of supplement (ORV) caused the animals to spend more time grazing. Animals not supplemented showed a higher duration of daily chewing, number of chews per minute, number of daily chews, daily number of bites, and station numbers.


Corn meal Oat Ryegrass Vetch 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Lisbinski
    • 1
  • Ricardo Ronsani
    • 1
  • João de Assis Farias
    • 1
  • Wagner Paris
    • 1
  • Roberta Farenzena
    • 1
  • Fernanda Stanqueviski
    • 1
  • Luís Fernando Glasenapp de Menezes
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Graduate Program in Animal ScienceFederal University of Technology – ParanáDois VizinhosBrazil

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