Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 131–136 | Cite as

Growth performance and blood profile of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats fed varying levels of treated sweet orange peels

  • J. OlocheEmail author
  • M. Z. Atooshi
  • M. U. Tyokase
Regular Articles


Fifteen West African Dwarf grower bucks of about 6–8 months of age and average weights of 8.39 kg were used in a 70-day study to assess the intake and blood profile of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats fed diets containing graded levels of treated sweet orange peel meal (TSOPM), in a completely randomized design. Sweet orange peels were collected from sweet orange retailers within Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. The peels were packed into synthetic bags, compressed, and allowed to ferment for 12 h before sun-drying. The sun-dried peels were crushed into a meal and used to compound four treatments diets which consisted of 0, 60, and 80% TSOPM, designated diets A, B, and C respectively. Results showed that there were no significant differences (P > 0.05) among the treatments in all the performance parameters except in the total forage intake values in which treatment A (19.74 kg) was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than treatment B (21.77 kg) and treatment C (21.96 kg). But between treatment B and treatment C, there was no difference. Effect of treatments was also not apparent on the haematological indices measured, but the serum biochemical parameters showed significant difference (P < 0.05) among the treatments for total protein values. The total protein value for treatment C (8.02 g/dl) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than treatments A (7.10 g/dl) and B (6.62 g/dl). The study showed that treated sweet orange peel meal can be used up to 80% level to replace maize offal in the diets of goats without adverse effects on the performance blood indices.


Goats Orange peels Blood profile Performance 



We acknowledge the University of Agriculture Experimental and Research Farm, Animal Science for providing the space where the experiment was conducted.

Authors contributions

Juliana Oloche designed the study, supervised, and wrote the manuscript. Atooshi Zungwenen Matthew and Martha Umburter Tyokase carried out the research and assisted in the collection and transportation of blood sample to the laboratory for analysis.

Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of animal rights

The research was performed in accordance with the ethical standard laid down in the 19964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Production, College of Animal ScienceUniversity of AgricultureMakurdiNigeria

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