Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 33–42 | Cite as

The effect of three tropical medicinal plants and superzist probiotic on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood constitutes, immune response, and gut microflora of broiler

  • Keyvan Vase-Khavari
  • Seyyed-Hossein Mortezavi
  • Behrouz Rasouli
  • Ameer Khusro
  • Abdelfattah Z. M. SalemEmail author
  • Alireza Seidavi
Regular Articles
  • 116 Downloads

Abstract

The pivotal aim of the present context was to determine the effect of probiotic (superzist) and medicinal plants (R. coriaria, H. persicum, and M. piperita) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood parameters, immunity response, and microflora counts of broilers over a 42-day feeding period. One hundred and fifty one-day-old chickens were randomly allocated to the following five treatments: (1) Control diets; (2) control diets + 0.03% w/v superzist; (3) control diets + 0.5% w/v R. coriaria; (4) control diets + 0.5% w/v H. persicum; and (5) control diets + 0.5% w/v M. piperita. No significant differences among treatments on broiler performance during 29th to 35th days of age, whereas a gradual reduction (P < 0.05) in the feed efficiency and economic index values between 36th to 42nd days of age, across the treatments versus control diet. Supplementations were increased (P < 0.05), the colon weight, colon length, and right cecum weight versus control. However, the superzist and phytogenic supplementation slightly increased the jejunum length, ileum length, and left cecum length. The supplementation showed reduced heterophils, increased lymphocytes and monocytes percentage, and decreased heterophils/lymphocytes ratio. Additions of superzist and medicinal plants reduced (P < 0.05) the total counts of E. coli and improved (P < 0.05) the cecal lactobacilli. In conclusion, under the appropriate conditions of this investigation, the superzist and tested medicinal plants could undoubtedly be ideal alternatives to the use of existing antibiotics as growth promoters in poultry industry.

Keywords

Broiler Carcass Gut health, medicinal plants, performance Superzist 

Notes

Funding information

This study received financial support from the Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, grant number 4.5830.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Ameri, S., Samadi, F., Dastar, B. and Zarehdaran, S., 2016. Efficiency of Peppermint (Mentha piperita) powder on performance, body temperature and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens in heat stress condition, Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 6(4), 943–950Google Scholar
  2. Attia, G., Hassanein, E., El-Eraky, W., El- Gamal, M., Farahat, M. and Hernandez-Santana, A., 2017. Effect of dietary supplementation with a plant extract blend on the growth performance, lipid profile, immune response and carcass traits of broiler chickens, International Journal of Poultry Science, 16, 248–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aviagen., 2009. Ross 308 broiler management guide, Downloaded from: www.aviagen.com
  4. Banisharif, M., Kheiri, F. and Jalali, S.M.A., 2016. Hypericum perforatum and probiotic effects on performance, carcass characteristics and intestinal morphology in Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica), Journal of Herbal Drugs, 7(2), 83–88Google Scholar
  5. Capcarova, M., Slamecka, J., Abbas, K., Kolesarova, A., Kalafova, A., Valent, M., Filipejova, T., Chrastinova, L., Ondruska, L. and Massanyi, P., 2012. Effects of dietary inclusion of Rhus coriaria on internal milieu of rabbits, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 96(3), 459–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, C.Y., Chen S.W. and Wang, H.T., 2017. Effect of supplementation of yeast with bacteriocin and Lactobacillus culture on growth performance, cecal fermentation, microbiota composition, and blood characteristics in broiler chickens, Asian-Australas Journal of Animal Science, 30, 2, 211–220Google Scholar
  7. Christaki, E., Bonos, E., Giannenas, I. and Florou-Paneri, P., 2012. Aromatic plants as a source of bioactive compounds, Agriculture, 2, 228–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dibaji, S. M., Seidavi, A. R., Asadpour, L. and Moreira da Silva, F., 2014. Effect of a synbiotic on the intestinal microflora of chickens, Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 23(1), 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dotas, V., Bampidis, V.A., Sinapis, E., Hatzipanagiotou, A. and Papanikolaou, K., 2014. Effect of dietary field pea (Pisum sativum L.) supplementation on growth performance, and carcass and meat quality of broiler chickens, Livestock Science, 164, 135–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fathi, R., Samadi, M.S., Qotbi, A.A., Seidavi, A. and Martínez-Marín, A.L., 2016. Effects of feed supplementation with increasing levels of organic acids on growth performance, carcass traits, gut microbiota and pH, plasma metabolites, and immune response of broilers, Animal Science Papers and Reports, 34, 195–206Google Scholar
  11. Ghasemi, H.A., Kasani, N. and Taherpour, K., 2014. Effects of black cumin seed (Nigella sativa L.), a probiotic, a prebiotic and a synbiotic on growth performance, immune response and blood characteristics of male broilers, Livestock Science, 164, 128–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gurbuz, Y. and Salih, Y. G., 2017. Influence of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale) on egg yolk fatty acid, cholesterol and blood parameters in laying hens, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12652.
  13. Islam M.W., Rahman, M.M., Kamruzzaman, S.M. and Islam, M.N., 2004. Effects of probiotics supplementation on growth performance and certain haemato-biochemical parameters in broiler chickens, Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2, 39–43.Google Scholar
  14. Jafarzadeh, A., Darmani-kuhi, H., Ghavihossein-zadeh, N. and Roostaei Ali-mehr, M., 2015. Effect of different levels of aloe vera gel powder on performance, intestinal microflora and gastrointestinal organs in Japanese quills (Coturnix japonica), Animal Science Journal (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi), 106, 231–242.Google Scholar
  15. Jamshidparvar, A., Javandel, F., Seidavi, A., Peña Blanco, F., Martínez Marín, A.L. Ramírez, C.A., Buendía, E.A. and Núñez-Sánchez, N., 2017. Effects of golpar (Heracleum persicum Desf.) and probiotics in drinking water on performance, carcass characteristics, organ weights, blood plasma constituents, and immunity of broilers, Environmental Science and Pollution Research.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9983-4
  16. Kheiri, F., Rahimian, Y. and Rafiee, A., 2014. Effect of Heracleum persicum extract on performance and some haematological parameters in broiler chicks, Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 4(9), 522–525.Google Scholar
  17. Lavinia, S., Gabi, D., Drinceanu, D., Stef, D., Daniela, M., Julean, C. and Corcionivoschi, N., 2009. The effect of medicinal plants and plant extracted oils on broiler duodenum morphology and immunological profile, Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 14, 4606–4614.Google Scholar
  18. Meng, Q.W., Yan, L., Ao, X., Zhou, T.X., Wang, J.P., Lee, J.H. and Kim, I.H., 2010. Influence of probiotics in different energy and nutrient density diets on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, meat quality, and blood characteristics in growing-finishing pigs, Journal of Animal Science, 88, 3320–3326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nahavandinejad, M., Seidavi, A., Asadpour, L. and Payan-Carreira, R., 2014. Blood biochemical parameters of broilers fed differently thermal processed soybean meal, Revista MVZ Córdoba, 19(3), 4301–4315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nawaz, H., Abbas Irshad, M., Ali, M. and Ahsan-ul-Haq., 2016. Effect of probiotics on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and carcass characteristics in broilers, The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 26(3), 599–604Google Scholar
  21. Nosrati, M., Javandel, F., Camacho, L.M., Khusro, A., Cipriano, M., Seidavi, A. and Salem, A.Z.M., 2017. The effects of antibiotic, probiotic, organic acid, vitamin C, and Echinacea purpurea extract on performance, carcass characteristics, blood chemistry, microbiota, and immunity of broiler chickens, Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 26 (2), 295–306Google Scholar
  22. Pirmohamammadi, A., Daneshyar, M., Farhoomand, P., Aliakbarlu, J. and Hamian, F., 2016. Effects of Thymus vulgaris and Mentha pulegium on colour, nutrients and peroxidation of meat in heat-stressed broilers, South African Journal of Animal Science, 46(3), 278–284.Google Scholar
  23. Pourhossein, Z., Qotbi, A. A. A., Seidavi, A. R., Laudadio, V., Centoducati, G. and Tufarelli, V., 2015. Effect of different levels of dietary sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) peel extract on humoral immune system responses in broiler chickens, Animal Science Journal, 86(1), 105–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rayne, S. and Mazza, G., 2007. Biological activities of extracts from sumac (Rhus spp.): a review, Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 62, 165–175.Google Scholar
  25. Sharifi, S.D., Khorsandil, S.H., Khadem, A.A., Salehi, A. and Moslehi, H., 2013. The effect of four medicinal plants on the performance, blood biochemical traits and ileal microflora of broiler chicks, Veterinarski arhiv, 83 (1), 69–80Google Scholar
  26. SPSS, 1997. SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows. SPSS, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  27. Toghyani, M., Toghyani, M., Gheisari, A., Ghalamkari, G. and Mohammadrezaei, M., 2010. Growth performance, serum biochemistry and blood haematology of broiler chicks fed different levels of black seed (Nigella sativa) and peppermint (Mentha piperita), Livestock Science, 129, 173–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang, Y., Sun, J., Zhong, H., Li, N., Xu, H., Zhu, Q. and Liu, Y., 2017. Effect of probiotics on the meat flavour and gut microbiota of Chicken. Scientific Reports, 7: 6400  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-06677-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zeng, Z., Zhang, S., Wang, H. and Piao, X., 2015. Essential oil and aromatic plants as feed additives in non-ruminant nutrition: a review, Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 6, 7–17.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal ScienceRasht Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityRashtIran
  2. 2.Research Department of Plant Biology and BiotechnologyLoyola CollegeNungambakkamIndia
  3. 3.Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y ZootecniaUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MéxicoTolucaMexico

Personalised recommendations