Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 721–726 | Cite as

Feeding behavior of feedlot lambs fed diets containing levels of cassava wastewater

  • Paula de Aguiar Silva
  • Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho
  • Aureliano José Vieira Pires
  • Stefanie Alvarenga Santos
  • Douglas dos Santos Pina
  • Robério Rodrigues Silva
  • Carlindo Santos Rodrigues
  • Luis Henrique Almeida de Matos
  • Carlos Emanuel Eiras
  • Daiane Novais-Eiras
  • Wilson Souza Nunes
Regular Articles

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the effects of including cassava wastewater in the diet on the feeding behavior of feedlot lambs in 35 male uncastrated Santa Inês × Dorper crossbred lambs at an approximate age of 3 months, with an average live weight of 20.0 ± 3.4 kg. Diets were formulated with hay of cassava shoots (roughage) and a concentrate based on corn and soybean, with a roughage:concentrate ratio of 50:50, plus inclusion of cassava wastewater at the levels of 0, 12, 24, 36, or 48 g/kg of the total diet. Feeding behavior was evaluated between the 46th and 52nd days of the experiment. Increasing cassava wastewater levels in the diet reduced (P < 0.05) the intakes (kg/day) of dry matter and neutral detergent fiber as well as the efficiency of rumination (g/cud and g/h) of dry matter and neutral detergent fiber. The other behavioral parameters were not affected by wastewater inclusion in the diet. Therefore, the inclusion of up to 48 g/kg of cassava wastewater on fresh matter of diets is not recommended for feedlot lambs.

Keywords

Alternative feed By-product Corn replacing Sheep 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula de Aguiar Silva
    • 1
  • Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho
    • 2
  • Aureliano José Vieira Pires
    • 3
  • Stefanie Alvarenga Santos
    • 2
  • Douglas dos Santos Pina
    • 2
  • Robério Rodrigues Silva
    • 3
  • Carlindo Santos Rodrigues
    • 4
  • Luis Henrique Almeida de Matos
    • 2
  • Carlos Emanuel Eiras
    • 2
  • Daiane Novais-Eiras
    • 2
  • Wilson Souza Nunes
    • 5
  1. 1.Federal University of Triângulo MineiroIturamaBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  3. 3.State University of Southeast BahiaItapetingaBrazil
  4. 4.Federal Institute of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  5. 5.Federal University of Reconcavo of BahiaCruz das AlmasBrazil

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