Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 169–176 | Cite as

Emerging feed markets for ruminant production in urban and peri-urban areas of Northern Ghana

  • S. P. KonlanEmail author
  • A. A. Ayantunde
  • W. Addah
  • H. K. Dei
  • N. Karbo
Regular Articles


Feed shortage in urban and peri-urban areas has triggered the emergence of feed markets in Northern Ghana. These markets were surveyed at three locations (Tamale, Bolgatanga, and Wa markets) to determine types and prices of feedstuffs sold across seasons; early dry (November–January), late dry (February–April), early wet (May–July), and main wet (August–October). Semi–structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Three samples of each feed type in the markets were bought from three different sellers per market in each season. The samples were oven dried to constant weight and price/kg DM of each feed determined. The total respondents were 169. Out of this number, 41% were feed sellers, 46% buyers, and 13% retailers. The feedstuffs found were crop residues (groundnut haulm and cowpea haulm), agro-industrial by-products (bran of maize, rice, and sorghum), fresh grasses (Rotteboellia cochinchinensis), and local browses (Ficus sp. and Pterocarpus erinaceous). Prices of feeds differed (P < 0.05) among markets and were higher in Bolgatanga than Tamale and Wa markets. Prices of cereal bran were not different (P > 0.05) in all seasons but that of crop residues were higher (P < 05) in early to late dry season than the wet season. Majority (90%) of respondents opined that the feed market will expand due to increasing number of livestock population in the peri-urban areas.


Feed resources Prices of feed Feed types Season Urban livestock production 



This study acknowledges the US Agency for International Development (USAID) for funding this study under Africa RISING West Africa project as part of the US Government’s Feed the Future Initiative.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The manuscript does not contain clinical studies or patient data.


  1. Amankwah, K., Klerky, L., Oosting, S.J., Sakyi-Dawson, O., Van der Zijpp, A. and Millar, D., 2012 Diagnosing constraints to market participation of small ruminant producers in northern Ghana: An innovation systems analysis. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Science, 60, 37--47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. AOAC. (2003). Official methods of analysis: association of official analytical chemists, 17th edition, 134-158.Google Scholar
  3. Ayantunde, A.A., Blummel, M., Grings, E. and Duncan, A.J., 2014. Price and quality of livestock feeds in sub-urban markets of West African Sahel: Case study from Bamako, Mali. Revue d’elevage et de medecine veterinaire des pays tropicaux. Ressources alimentaires, 67, 13-21.Google Scholar
  4. Genstat. 2011. General statistics. Discovery edition (version 4) VSN International Ltd., Rothamsted Experimental Station.Google Scholar
  5. GSS, 2012. Ghana Statistical Service 2010 population and housing census summary report of final results, pp, 45-103.Google Scholar
  6. Husseini, R., Belko, R. and Baatuuwie, N.B., 2011.Survey of browse plants trade in the Upper East region of Ghana. Agricultural and Biology Journal of North America, 2, 546-551.Google Scholar
  7. Lukuyu, M., Njehu, A., Mwilawa, A., Lukuyu, B., Omore, A. and Rao, J., 2016. A study to understand fodder markets and fodder trading patterns in More MilkiT sites and other selected regions in Tanzania. Nairobi, Kenya. ILRI, pp, 35-46.Google Scholar
  8. NRC (National Research Council), 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. Seventh revised edition. NRC, National Academic Press, Washington, DC, USA. 381 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Oppong-Anane, K., 2013. Cassava as animal feed in Ghana: Past, present and future. B. Berhanu,. L. Cheikh, and P.S. Harinde (eds.), FAO Country report Accra, Ghana, pp, 42-56.Google Scholar
  10. SNV. 2013. Study on the Kenyan animal feed and fodder sub-sector. SNV/Kenya Netherlands Development Organisation, pp, 19-38.Google Scholar
  11. SPSS. 2007. Statistical package for social sciences version 17. Windows Microsoft Inc., USA.Google Scholar
  12. Tilley, J.M.A. and Terry, R.A. 1963. A two stage technique for in vitro digestion of forage crops. Journal of British Grassland Society, 18, 104--107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Van Soest PJ. 2002. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. O&B Books, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. 374 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Van Soest, P.J. and Robertson, J.B., 1985. Analysis of forage and fibrous foods: laboratory manual for animal science. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA, pp 57-106.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. P. Konlan
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. A. Ayantunde
    • 2
  • W. Addah
    • 3
  • H. K. Dei
    • 3
  • N. Karbo
    • 4
  1. 1.Council for Scientific and Industrial Research—Animal Research InstituteTamaleGhana
  2. 2.International Livestock Research InstituteOuagadougouBurkina Faso
  3. 3.Department of Animal Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity for Development StudiesTamaleGhana
  4. 4.Council for Scientific and Industrial Research—Animal Research InstituteAccraGhana

Personalised recommendations