Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 143–148 | Cite as

Sorghum silage supplemented with crambe meal improves dry matter intake and milk production in crossbred Holstein cows

  • Saulo Alberto do Carmo Araújo
  • Guilherme Pires Bicalho
  • Norberto da Silva Rocha
  • Cláudia Braga Pereira BentoEmail author
  • Marluci Olício Ortêncio
Regular Articles


We studied the feed intake and milk production of Holstein × Zebu crossbred cows fed sorghum silage diets and concentrates, with and without the addition of crambe meal. Using a change-over design for a total of 120 days, eight cows were fed two diets (concentrates + silages with and without crambe meal) in four 30-day periods, with four replications (animals). The crambe meal diet increased (P < 0.05) the dry matter intake (DMI), crude protein intake (CPI), and non-fibrous carbohydrates intake (NFCI) as well as milk production (4.3%). No difference was noted (P > 0.05) for the milk composition between the treatments. Crambe meal as an additive in sorghum silage (100 g/kg in natural matter) showed a great potential for introduction in dairy farming as it substantially increases CP intake, does not reduce food intake, raises animal productivity, and does not affect milk composition.


Dairy cattle Silage consumption Crambe abyssinica Milk quality By-products 


Funding information

This research was supported by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq; Brasília, Brazil), the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES; Brasília, Brazil), and the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG; Belo Horizonte, Brazil).

Compliance with ethical standards

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saulo Alberto do Carmo Araújo
    • 1
  • Guilherme Pires Bicalho
    • 1
  • Norberto da Silva Rocha
    • 1
  • Cláudia Braga Pereira Bento
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marluci Olício Ortêncio
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de ZootecniaUniversidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM)UnaíBrazil

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