Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 11–17 | Cite as

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards cystic echinococcosis in livestock among selected pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda

  • Leonard OmadangEmail author
  • Martin Chamai
  • Emmanuel Othieno
  • Andrew Okwi
  • Francis Olaki Inangolet
  • Francis Ejobi
  • Peter Oba
  • Michael Ocaido
Regular Articles


A cross-sectional study was done from March 2013 to May 2014 to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis among selected pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda. A structured questionnaire was administered to 381 respondents. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was done to find the relationship between knowledge about CE and factors such as age, sex, and level of education across all regions. The odds ratio and confidence interval were used to determine the difference in responses across regions. It was shown that age above 36 years was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with awareness about CE in livestock. Likewise, uneducated (p < 0.0001) and agro-pastoralists (p = 0.01) were significantly less knowledgeable than the educated and pastoralists across all regions. The overall knowledge towards CE in livestock was low 17.8% (95% CI = 14.0–21.6). Dog ownership was high and they never dewormed their freely roaming dogs. Dogs shared water with livestock. In conclusion, knowledge about CE in livestock was low across all regions. Therefore, public health education and formulation of policies towards its control by the relevant stakeholders should be done. Also, the true prevalence of CE in livestock needs to be done so that the magnitude and its public health significance are elucidated.


Echinococcus granulosus Knowledge Pastoralists Livestock Uganda 



We thank the German Research Council (DFG) for funding this study through the Cystic Echinococcosis in sub-Saharan Africa Research Initiative (CESSARi) project. Special thanks to Prof. Peter Kern (University of Ulm, Germany), Prof. Thomas Romig of University of Hoheinheim, Germany; Dr. Eberhard Zeyle, Dr. Cecilia Mbae and Mulinge Erastus from Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), for the technical guidance. We appreciate the support received from District Veterinary Officers (DVOs) and technical staff of Moroto, Napak, Kumi, Bukedea, Luwero and Nakasongola districts, local village councils and livestock owners for participating in this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of animal or human rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Veterinary MedicineAnimal Resources and BiosecurityKampalaUganda
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Department of Animal Production and ManagementBusitema UniversitySorotiUganda
  3. 3.College of Health SciencesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda
  4. 4.National Agricultural Research OrganizationAbi ZARDIAruaUganda

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