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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp 1553–1560 | Cite as

Digestibility of solvent-treated Jatropha curcas kernel by broiler chickens in Senegal

  • Thierry Daniel Tamsir Nesseim
  • Abdoulaye Dieng
  • Guy Mergeai
  • Saliou Ndiaye
  • Jean-Luc HornickEmail author
Regular Articles

Abstract

Jatropha curcas is a drought-resistant shrub belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family. The kernel contains approximately 60 % lipid in dry matter, and the meal obtained after oil extraction could be an exceptional source of protein for family poultry farming, in the absence of curcin and, especially, some diterpene derivatives phorbol esters that are partially lipophilic. The nutrient digestibility of J. curcas kernel meal (JKM), obtained after partial physicochemical deoiling was thus evaluated in broiler chickens. Twenty broiler chickens, 6 weeks old, were maintained in individual metabolic cages and divided into four groups of five animals, according to a 4 × 4 Latin square design where deoiled JKM was incorporated into grinded corn at 0, 4, 8, and 12 % levels (diets 0, 4, 8, and 12 J), allowing measurement of nutrient digestibility by the differential method. The dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility of diets was affected to a low extent by JKM (85 and 86 % in 0 J and 81 % in 12 J, respectively) in such a way that DM and OM digestibility of JKM was estimated to be close to 50 %. The ether extract (EE) digestibility of JKM remained high, at about 90 %, while crude protein (CP) and crude fiber (CF) digestibility were largely impacted by JKM, with values closed to 40 % at the highest levels of incorporation. J. curcas kernel presents various nutrient digestibilities but has adverse effects on CP and CF digestibility of the diet. The effects of an additional heat or biological treatment on JKM remain to be assessed.

Keywords

Broiler chickens Jatropha curcas Digestibility 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors gratefully acknowledge the financial grant provided by the University Commission for Development (CUD) of Belgium for carrying out this study, through the inter-university program focused on improvement of agroecological techniques of agricultural production systems integrating jatropha in the western part of the senegalese groundnut basin.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thierry Daniel Tamsir Nesseim
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdoulaye Dieng
    • 1
  • Guy Mergeai
    • 3
  • Saliou Ndiaye
    • 4
  • Jean-Luc Hornick
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Agriculture, Département des Productions AnimalesUniversité de ThièsThièsSénégal
  2. 2.Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Département de Productions AnimalesUniversité de LiègeLiègeBelgique
  3. 3.Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Département Phytotechnie Tropicale et HorticultureUniversité de LiègeGemblouxBelgique
  4. 4.Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Agriculture, Département des Productions VégétalesUniversité de ThièsThièsSénégal

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