Influences of Load and Microstructure on Tribocorrosion Behaviour of High Strength Hull Steel in Saline Solution
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The tribocorrosion behaviour of two different hull steels (namely, EH36 and EH47) was investigated using a ball-on-disk tribometer under varying normal loads from 10 to 100 N in a 3.5 wt% NaCl saline solution. Sliding in pure water was also performed for a comparison purpose. The results indicate that the corrosion products mainly consist of lath lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH) with residual NaCl crystals when sliding against both steels EH36 and EH47 in the saline solution. Tribocorrosion on EH36 (pearlitic steel) shows lower coefficient of friction (COF) values than those obtained in water, while tribocorrosion on EH47 (bainitic steel) leads to higher COF values instead. The former is due to the formation of considerable hydroxide particulates and films with small sizes. In contrast, the latter is ascribed to the ploughing of hydroxides with smaller amounts and bigger sizes. In particular, the synergistic effects of corrosion and wear in tribocorrosion result in much higher total materials degradation, compared to that obtained through pure mechanical wear in water.
KeywordsHull steel Tribocorrosion Corrosive wear Saline solution
The authors are very thankful for financial support from Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under the projects of Nos. 51474127 and 51671100. The authors also appreciate the financial supports from the State Key Laboratory of Metal Material for Marine Equipment and Application (SKLMEA) and University of Science and Technology Liaoning (USTL) under the co-projects of No. SKLMEA-USTL 2017010 and No. SKLMEA-USTLN 201905. The authors wish to thank Mr. Stuart Rodd and other technicians in the workshop of SMART Infrastructure Facility at University of Wollongong (UOW) for their great support on samples machining. We finally would like to extend special thanks to Dr. David Mitchell on TEM observations at Electron Microscopy Centre (UOW), Dr. David Wexler on XRD testing at UOW and Dr. Bintao Wu on Electrochemical testing at UOW.