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Empathy as the Opposite of Egocentrism: Why the Simulation Theory and the Direct Perception Theory of Empathy Fail

  • Robert BlanchetEmail author


This paper presents a new, third-personal account of empathy that characterizes empathy as being sensitive to others’ concerns as opposed to remaining stuck in one’s egocentric perspective on the world. The paper also demonstrates why this account is preferable to its two main rivals, namely the simulation theory of empathy, and the direct perception theory of empathy.


Empathy Theory of mind Social cognition Moral psychology Zahavi Gallagher Goldman 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Film StudiesUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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