Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 61, Issue 15–17, pp 1585–1590 | Cite as

Charge-Transfer Effect of GZO Film on Photochemical Water Splitting of Transparent ZnO@GZO Films by RF Magnetron Sputtering

  • Sujun Guan
  • Leo Yamawaki
  • Ping Zhang
  • Xinwei ZhaoEmail author
Original Paper


With the purpose of enhancing the photochemical water splitting performance, GZO film has been used to increase the charge transfer of the ZnO@GZO films. The characterization of ZnO film, GZO film and ZnO@GZO films was carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscope, DRUV-vis spectra (DRUV-vis), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL) and photochemical water splitting. All samples show a related highly c-axis peak (002) from XRD patterns. DRUV-vis results show that the formed GZO film with wide band gap but low resistivity, would not affect the band gap of the ZnO@GZO films. PL results reveal that the decreased recombination of electron and hole, via the increased charge transfer by GZO film. XPS results hint that the obvious change of chemisorbed oxygen species on the surface of ZnO and GZO, and Ga atoms mainly substitute into Zn sites in the ZnO matrix. Compared with that of ZnO film, the ZnO@GZO films even with lower specific surface area, could efficiently enhance the photochemical water splitting performance via the charge-transfer effect of the GZO film.


GZO ZnO Thin film Charge transfer Water splitting Magnetron sputtering 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTokyo University of ScienceTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Electronics EngineeringTianjin University of Technology and EducationTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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