Preparation, characterization and evaluation of a series of heterogeneous platinum catalysts immobilized on magnetic silica with different acid ligands

  • Laiming Li
  • Youxin LiEmail author
  • Aschenaki Assefa
  • James J. Bao


Platinum was immobilized on magnetic silica gel by means of boronic, nitric, carboxylic or sulfuric acid ligands to give four heterogeneous Pt nano-catalysts, designated as Fe3O4@SiO2-BA@Pt, Fe3O4@SiO2-NA@Pt, Fe3O4@SiO2-CA@Pt and Fe3O4@SiO2-SA@Pt, respectively. Particles of these mono-dispersible Pt catalysts were 10–20 nm in size and could be separated for recycling by means of a magnet. Fe3O4@SiO2-BA@Pt (0.174 mmol/g Pt) showed the best catalytic activity and selectivity, which were better than Speier’s catalyst. Its turnover numbers were up to 1.7 × 106 and 1.1 × 106 for hydrosilylation of 1-hexene or styrene, respectively. This material could also catalyze the hydrosilylation of a broad range of alkenes and alkynes as substrates and methyldichlorosilane or triethoxysilane as silanes. Similar yields of 1-hexyl-methyldichlorosilane at the first and eighth runs (96.5% and 95.2%, respectively), together with a final Pt content of 0.171 mmol/g indicated the outstanding stability of Fe3O4@SiO2-BA@Pt under the catalytic reaction conditions.



The authors are grateful for financial support from the National Natural Science foundation of China (No. 21605112).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tianjin Key Laboratory for Modern Drug Delivery and High-Efficiency, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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