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Chemical polyploidization of Chrysanthemum boreale

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Abstract

Chrysanthemum boreale (Asteraceae) is a wild flowering plant that has both ornamental and herbal uses. In the present study, colchicine was used as a chemical mutagen to induce polyploidy using in vitro shoots, which were cultured from C. boreale (2n = 2x = 18) nodal segments, and the efficacy of various colchicine concentrations and treatment durations were investigated. The results demonstrated that the induction of tetraploid plants by colchicine treatment were clearly successful. A total of 21 tetraploid and 110 chimera plants were identified using the chromosome counting method, and the colchicine concentrations of 200 ppm (48 h) and 300 ppm (12 and 24 h) were the most effective for inducing tetraploidy. Details about the successful induction, morphological characteristics, and cytology of the polyploids are described and compared with those of control plants. The tetraploid plants exhibited thicker and larger leaves, as well as larger and fewer stomata than the diploid plants.

Key Message

In this study, the polyploid plants of Chrysanthemum were induced successfully using colchicine treatment. This procedure contributed to the improvement of high-value species in the Chrysanthemum breeding program.

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Acknowledgement

This work was carried out with the support of Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development (Project No. PJ0117502020), Rural Development Administration, and Faculty Research Fund of Sejong University 2019, Republic of Korea.

Author information

TKH carried out the experiments, analyzed the data and wrote the manuscript. YJH designed karyotype experiments. JHL designed the study and supervised the project.

Correspondence to Jin-Hee Lim.

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Hoang, T.K., Hwang, Y. & Lim, J. Chemical polyploidization of Chrysanthemum boreale. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 140, 677–683 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11240-019-01761-w

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Keywords

  • Chrysanthemum
  • Colchicine treatment
  • In vitro culture
  • Plant breeding
  • Polyploidy