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Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 193–198 | Cite as

Effect of Hydrolysis Conditions of Organosolv Pulp from Kenaf Fibers on the Physicochemical Properties of the Obtained Nanocellulose

  • V. A. Barbash
  • O. V. Yashchenko
  • V. O. Opolsky
Article
  • 2 Downloads

The possibility of obtaining nanocellulose from organosolv pulp from kenaf fibers by hydrolysis with sulfuric acid of a lower concentration (43%) compared with the traditional conditions (60%-65%) is demonstrated. The structure and properties of the nanocellulose were studied by SEM, FT-IR, XRD, TEM, AFM, and TGA. It was found that the product has a degree of crystallinity of up to 80%, and forms a porous network of particles with diameters of 10-28 nm. The nanocellulose films have a density of 1.39 g/cm3, transparency of up to 76%, and tensile strength of 40 MPa.

Key words

kenaf fiber cellulose organosolv pulp nanocellulose hydrolysis ultrasonic treatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Barbash
    • 1
  • O. V. Yashchenko
    • 1
  • V. O. Opolsky
    • 1
  1. 1.National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”KyivUkraine

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