Authentication schemes for smart mobile devices: threat models, countermeasures, and open research issues

  • Mohamed Amine FerragEmail author
  • Leandros Maglaras
  • Abdelouahid Derhab
  • Helge Janicke


This paper presents a comprehensive investigation of authentication schemes for smart mobile devices. We start by providing an overview of existing survey articles published in the recent years that deal with security for mobile devices. Then, we give a classification of threat models in smart mobile devices in five categories, including, identity-based attacks, eavesdropping-based attacks, combined eavesdropping and identity-based attacks, manipulation-based attacks, and service-based attacks. This is followed by a description of multiple existing threat models. We also provide a classification of countermeasures into four types of categories, including, cryptographic functions, personal identification, classification algorithms, and channel characteristics. According to the characteristics of the countermeasure along with the authentication model iteself, we categorize the authentication schemes for smart mobile devices in four categories, namely, (1) biometric-based authentication schemes, (2) channel-based authentication schemes, (3) factors-based authentication schemes, and (4) ID-based authentication schemes. In addition, we provide a taxonomy and comparison of authentication schemes for smart mobile devices in form of tables. Finally, we identify open challenges and future research directions.


Security Authentication Smart mobile devices Biometrics Cryptography 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceGuelma UniversityGuelmaAlgeria
  2. 2.School of Computer Science and InformaticsDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK
  3. 3.General Secretariat of Digital PolicyAthensGreece
  4. 4.Center of Excellence in Information Assurance (CoEIA)King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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