Advertisement

Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 72, Issue 4, pp 543–554 | Cite as

QOS aware channel and power allocation scheme for D2D enabled cellular networks

  • Pratap Khuntia
  • Ranjay HazraEmail author
Article
  • 87 Downloads

Abstract

Device-to-device (D2D) communication enabled cellular system is capable of enhancing the spectrum utilization and throughput performance of the system. However, D2D users (D2Ds) in close proximity share its radio resources with the cellular users (CUs), thereby adding an additional amount of interferences from D2D transmitters and affecting the performance of cellular networks. To reduce these problems, we propose a novel channel selection and power allocation scheme incorporating quality of service (QOS) parameter for CU and D2D pairs. In order to improve the spectral efficiency, an efficient resource sharing strategy wherein multiple channels of CUs can be reused by each D2D pair is introduced. To cope up with the overloaded traffic at the base station (BS) due to the coexistence of different types of users and to reduce the computational complexity of the network, we divide our problem of resource sharing into two sub-problems. The channel assignment which is a linear programming problem determines the number of channels that can be shared by each D2D pair. Secondly, the power allocation for D2D pairs is a non-convex non-linear programming problem and is difficult to solve. Thus, the problem is transformed into a convex form using the exponential form of transmit power in the Laplace domain. By using Lagrangian method, the optimal power of D2Ds is determined such that it maximizes D2D sum-rate while preserving QOS of CU, thereby not affecting the normal cellular communication. The paper also elaborates on the throughput performances of D2D pairs which is affected by the position of D2Ds and CUs and distance of separation between D2Ds and CUs. Thus, we choose the radius of coverage as a metric for D2D communication. The effectiveness of proposed resource sharing and power allocation scheme is also illustrated through numerical examples.

Keywords

Device-to-device (D2D) communication Resource sharing Channel assignment Power allocation Convexity Radius of coverage 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Hu, R. Q., & Qian, Y. (2014). Energy efficient and spectrum efficient wireless heterogeneous network framwork for 5G systems. IEEE Communications Magazine, 52(5), 94–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhao, X., Yuan, P., Chen, Y., & Chen, P. (2017). Femtocaching assisted multi-source D2D content delivery in cellular networks. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 125, 1–15.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fodor, G., Dahlman, E., Mildh, G., Parkvall, S., Reider, N., Miklos, G., et al. (2012). Design aspects of network assisted device-to-device communications. IEEE Communications Magazine, 50(3), 170–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu, C. H., Doppler, K., Ribeiro, C. B., & Tirkkonen, O. (2011). Resource sharing optimization for device-to-device communication underlaying cellular networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 10(8), 2752–2763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Belleschi, M., Fodor, G., & Abrardo, A. (2011) Performance analysis of a distributed resource allocation scheme for D2D communications. In Proceedings of IEEE global communications conference (GLOBECOM) (pp. 358–362).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Feng, D., Lu, L., Wu, Y. Y., Li, G. Y., Feng, G., & Li, S. (2013). Device-to-device communications underlaying cellular networks. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 61(8), 3541–3551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Qian, L.P., Wu, Y., & Huang, L. (2016). Optimal user association and resource allocation for device-to-device communications underlaying cellular networks. In IEEE international conference on computing, networkings and communications (ICNC) (pp. 1–6).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, L., & Wu, H. (2014). Fast pairing of device-to-device link underlay for spectrum sharing with cellular users. IEEE Communications Letters, 18(10), 1803–1806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu, Y., Liu, X., He, X., Yu, Q., & Xu, W. (2017). Maximizing throughput gain via resource allocation in D2D communications. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 1, 220–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yin, R., Zhong, C., Yu, G., Zhang, Z., & Chen, X. (2016). Joint spectrum and power allocation for D2D communications underlaying cellular networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 65(4), 2182–2192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Duong, Q., Shin, Y., & Shin, O. S. (2015). Distance-based resource allocation scheme for device-to-device communications underlaying cellular networks. International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 69(10), 1437–1444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sun, H., Sheng, M., Wang, X., Zhang, Y., Liu, J., & Wang, K. (2013). Resource allocation for maximizing the device-to-device communication underlaying LTE-advanced networks. In Proceedings of IEEE international conference on communications in China (ICCC) (pp. 60–64).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gao, J., Liao, X., Deng, J., & Ren, P. (2013). A mode shifting resource allocation scheme for device-to-device underlaying cellular networks. In Proceedings of ELSEVIER AASRI conference on parallel and distributed computing and systems (pp. 40–47).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang, R., Cheng, X., Yang, L., & Jiao, B. (2013). Interference-aware graph based resource sharing for device-to-device communications underlaying cellular networks. In IEEE wireless communications and networking conference (WCNC) (pp. 140–145).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Elhami, G., Zehni, M., & Pakravan, M. R. (2015). Maximum clique-based resource allocation in device-to-device communications. In IEEE 26th annual international symposium on personal, indoor and mobile radio communications (PIMRC) (pp. 1195–1200).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhao, W., & Wang, S. (2015). Resource sharing scheme for device-to-device communication underlaying cellular networks. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 63(12), 4838–4848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang, J., Zhu, D., Zhao, C., Li, J. C. F., & Lei, M. (2013). Resource sharing of underlaying device-to-device and uplink cellular communications. IEEE Communications Letters, 17(6), 1148–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhu, D., Wang, J., Swindlehurst, A. L., & Zhao, C. (2014). Downlink resource reuse for device-to-device communications underlaying cellular networks. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 21(5), 531–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ciou, S. A., Kao, J. C., Lee, C. Y., & Chen, K. Y. (2015). Multi-sharing resource allocation for device-to-device communication underlaying 5G mobile networks. In IEEE 26th annual international symposium on personal, indoor, and mobile radio communications (PIMRC) (pp. 1509–1514).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hajiaghajani, F., Davoudi, R., & Rasti, M. (2016). A joint channel and power allocation scheme for device-to-device communications underlaying uplink cellular networks. In IEEE conference on computer communications workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS) Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lee, C. (2017). A collaborative power control and resources allocation for D2D (device-to-device) communication underlaying LTE cellular networks. Cluster Computing., 20(1), 559–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Goyal, S., Liu, P., & Panwar, S. S. (2017). User selection and power allocation in full-duplex multicell networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66(3), 2408–2422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Physical layer procedures (Release 11). TS 36.213, v11.0.0, September (2012). www.3gpp.org.
  24. 24.
    Lee, K., Kangm, W., & Choi, H. J. (2014). A practical channel estimation and feedback method for device-to-device communication in 3GPP LTE system. In Proceedings of 8th international conference on ubiquitous information management and communication (ICUIMC) (pp. 1–4).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lee, N., Lin, X., Andrews, J. G., & Heath, R. W. (2015). Power control for D2D underlaid cellular networks: Modeling, algorithms, and analysis. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 33(1), 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    3GPP: Further advancements for E-UTRA physical layer aspects. TR 36.814 (2010).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kumar, S., & Giridhar K. (2014). Power control factor selection in uplink OFDMA cellular networks. arXiv preprint arXiv:1401.4657
  28. 28.
    Blaszczyszyn, B., Haenggi, M., Keeler, P., & Mukherjee, S. (2018). Stochastic geometry analysis of cellular networks. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Boyd, S., & Vandenberghe, L. (2004). Convex optimization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Qian, Y., Zhang, T., & He, D. (2017). Resource allocation for multichannel device-to-device communications underlaying QoS-protected cellular networks. IET Communications, 11(4), 558–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Instrumentation EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologySilcharIndia

Personalised recommendations