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Time division multiple access scheduling strategies for emerging vehicular ad hoc network medium access control protocols: a survey

  • Abubakar Bello Tambawal
  • Rafidah Md. NoorEmail author
  • Rosli Salleh
  • Christopher Chembe
  • Mohammad Hossein Anisi
  • Oche Michael
  • Jaime Lloret
Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is an emerging and promising technology, which allows vehicles while moving on the road to communicate and share resources. These resources are aimed at improving traffic safety and providing comfort to drivers and passengers. The resources use applications that have to meet high reliability and delay constraints. However, to implement these applications, VANET relies on medium access control (MAC) protocol. Many approaches have been proposed in the literature using time division multiple access (TDMA) scheme to enhance the efficiency of MAC protocol. Nevertheless, this technique has encountered some challenges including access and merging collisions due to inefficient time slot allocation strategy and hidden terminal problem. Despite several attempts to study this class of protocol, issues such as channel access and time slot scheduling strategy have not been given much attention. In this paper, we have relatively examined the most prominent TDMA MAC protocols which were proposed in the literature from 2010 to 2018. These protocols were classified based on scheduling strategy and the technique adopted. Also, we have comparatively analyzed them based on different parameters and performance metrics used. Finally, some open issues are presented for future deployment.

Keywords

Vehicular ad hoc network Medium access control protocol TDMA Distributed scheduling Centralized scheduling 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science, College of Science and TechnologyUmaru Ali Shinkafi PolytechnicSokotoNigeria
  3. 3.School of Computer Science and Electronic EngineeringUniversity of EssexColchesterUK
  4. 4.Department of Computing, Faculty of Science and TechnologyKampala International UniversityKampalaUganda
  5. 5.Integrated Management Coastal Research InstituteUniversitat Politecnica de ValenciaValenciaSpain

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