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Social aspects of scientific knowledge

  • Ilkka NiiniluotoEmail author


From its inception in 1987 social epistemology has been divided into analytic (ASE) and critical (CSE) approaches, represented by Alvin I. Goldman and Steve Fuller, respectively. In this paper, the agendas and some basic ideas of ASE and CSE are compared and assessed by bringing into the discussion also other participants of the debates on the social aspects of scientific knowledge—among them Raimo Tuomela, Philip Kitcher and Helen Longino. The six topics to be analyzed include individual and collective epistemic agents; the notion of scientific community; realism and constructivism; truth-seeking communities; epistemic and social values; science, experts, and democracy.


Democracy Epistemic values Experts Scientific community Scientific realism Social epistemology Truth-seeking 


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy, History, and Art StudiesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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