The implementation of an IoT-based exercise improvement system

  • Tsan-Ching KangEmail author
  • Chia-Hsien Wen
  • Shih-Wei Guo
  • Wei-Yueh Chang
  • Chen-Lin Chang


The benefits of exercise have been well known for years. Most people know that they should do more exercise, but they seldom make exercise a top priority. Regular exercise is generally the most important lifestyle change people can make to improve their health, but it is hard for people to sustain a regular exercise program. On the other hand, Internet of Things (IoT) applications, which combine different sensors and information technologies, have developed rapidly over recent years. IoT-based applications for exercise have been examined in recent literature. However, most IoT-based applications focus on the needs of exercisers and ignore the needs of trainers and the relationship between the system usage and the incidence of regular exercise compliance is rarely studied. This study implements an IoT-based exercise improvement system that both exercisers and trainers can use to increase exercisers’ physical fitness. To test the system, 221 students were recruited from a university and their exercise data were collected and analyzed. The results showed that use of an IoT-based exercise improvement system helped regular exercisers maintain their exercise pattern and non-regular exercisers improve their exercise performance.


IoT Effective exercise time Step count Calories burned Fitness tracker 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Information ManagementProvidence UniversityTaichung CityTaiwan
  2. 2.College of Computing and InformaticsProvidence UniversityTaichung CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Center for Computer and CommunicationProvidence UniversityTaichung CityTaiwan
  4. 4.Physical Education OfficeProvidence UniversityTaichung CityTaiwan

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