Research on suboptimal energy balance of non-uniform distributed nodes in WSN

  • Ruiying Wang
  • Guoping HeEmail author
  • Xiaoming Wu
  • Fuqiang Wang
  • Yifan Hu


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are widely used in industrial production, environmental monitoring, and military applications. In the process of using, the node non-uniform distribution strategy can mitigate the energy hole and node suboptimal energy balance technology in wireless sensor networks. This paper discusses this strategy theoretically, proposes a node non-uniform distribution strategy, and it constructs a suboptimal energy balance algorithm, which based on the non-uniform distribution theory system. It has proved that in the circular network with non-uniform distribution of nodes, the uniform distributed method and the random non-uniform distributed method are tested and compared. The experimental results show that the non-uniform distributed method has high efficiency and good scalability, and it can be used to achieve the suboptimal energy balance. The simulation results also show that the nodes in the WSN are almost equal to the energy consumption.


Uneven distributed nodes Suboptimal network Energy consumption equalization 



The work is funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant: 61501282), Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China (No. ZR2018MF003).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruiying Wang
    • 1
  • Guoping He
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xiaoming Wu
    • 2
  • Fuqiang Wang
    • 2
  • Yifan Hu
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Mathematics and Systems ScienceShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Shandong Computer Science Center (National Supercomputer Center in Jinan), Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanChina
  3. 3.Institute of Oceanographic InstrumentationQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanChina
  4. 4.Joint China-Ukrainian Scientific and Innovation Laboratory for HydroacousticsJinanChina

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