Structural Chemistry

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1729–1735 | Cite as

Multinuclear NMR spectra and GIAO/DFT calculations of N-benzylazoles and N-benzylbenzazoles

  • Wolfgang Holzer
  • Laura Castoldi
  • Viktoriya Kyselova
  • Dionisia Sanz
  • Rosa M. ClaramuntEmail author
  • M. Carmen Torralba
  • Ibon AlkortaEmail author
  • José Elguero
Original Research


The 1H, 13C, and 15N chemical shifts of almost the whole series of N-benzyl azoles and benzazoles, with the exception of the unknown 1-benzyl-1H-pentazole (10) and the very unstable 2-benzyl-2H-isoindole (12), have been measured. In addition, the X-ray crystal structure of 1-benzyl-1H-indazole (14) was solved (monoclinic, space group P21/n), its geometry being very close to that used for the calculations. The absolute chemical shieldings were calculated at the gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO)/Becke, 3-parameter, Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP)/6-311++G(d,p) level and then transformed with very robust empirical equations into chemical shifts of the three nuclei showing an excellent agreement with the 313 experimental values.


Proton NMR Carbon-13 NMR Nitrogen-15 NMR GIAO calculations X-ray crystal structure N-benzylazoles 


Funding information

This work was carried out with financial support from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (Projects PGC2018-094644-B-C2 and RTI2018-097416-B-C21) and Dirección General de Investigación e Innovación de la Comunidad de Madrid (PS2018/EMT-4329 AIRTEC-CM). Thanks are also given to the CTI (CSIC) for their continued computational support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11224_2019_1310_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (524 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 523 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Life SciencesUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Departamento de Química Orgánica y Bio-Orgánica, Facultad de CienciasUNEDMadridSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUCM, Ciudad Universitaria s/nMadridSpain
  4. 4.Instituto de Química Médica, Centro de Química Orgánica “Manuel Lora-Tamayo”, CSICMadridSpain

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