Strength of Materials

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 26–31 | Cite as

Process Analysis and Trial Tests for Hot-Rolled Stainless Steel/Carbon Steel Clad Plates

  • Z. Y. ChenEmail author
  • J. X. Li
  • Z. G. Lin
  • J. J. Qi
  • L. Sun
  • G. D. Wang

The trials of 304 stainless steel-clad plate made of plain Q345B carbon steel were performed on hot-rolling line of the Hesteel Group. After the two runs of pilot production, the key process parameters for the stainless steel/carbon steel clad plate were found to meet the GB/T 8165-2008 requirements. The interface shear strength of the clad plate was higher than 360 MPa, the yield strength of the final product was over 257 MPa, the clad plate tensile strength and elongation exceeded 351 MPa and 39.8%, respectively. The interpenetration of stainless steel and plain carbon steel layers was established to be complete, with the adequate composite interface. The tensile and shear properties of stainless steel-clad plates produced by the rolling process were at the same level as those obtained via the explosive method as an alternative, while their production cost were somewhat reduced.


clad plate stainless steel plain carbon steel hot-rolling process shear and tensile strength fracture morphology 


  1. 1.
    S. C. Pan, M. N. Huang, G. Y. Tzou, and S. W. Syu, “Analysis of asymmetrical cold and hot bond rolling of unbounded clad sheet under constant shear friction,” J. Mater. Process. Tech., 177, Nos. 1–3, 114–120 (2006).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Li, X.-J. Zhang, H.-Y. Liu, and Z.-C. Zhu, “Shear strength of the interface of hot rolled stainless clad steel,” Kang T'ieh/Iron and Steel (Peking), 48, No. 12, 52–56 (2013).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    X.-L. Pan, Z. Gao, S.-K. Xie, et al., “Bonding technology and new development of laminated-metal material,” Nonferr. Met. Process., 37, No. 1, 34–36, 44 (2008).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. M. Yu, Y. Z. Xiao, Q. J. Wang, et al., “New development of technology of clad metal,” Chinese J. Mater. Res., 14, No. 1, 12–16 (2000).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. T. Liu, T. Zhang, and J. Z. Cui, “Technology of clad metal production and its latest progress,” Mater. Rev., 16, No. 7, 41–43 (2002).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.-M. Ding, X.-L. Fan, J.-F. Wang, et al., “Interface characterization of hot-rolled stainless steel/carbon steel clad,” Trans. Mater. Heat Treat., 32, No. 11, 18–22 (2011).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Li, Z.-C. Zhu, X.-J. Zhang, and H.-Y. Liu, “Experimental study on hot rolled stainless steel clad plate produced by TMCP,” J. Mater. Eng., 43, No. 7, 62–67 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. X. Zheng, B. K. Li, and Z. Chang, “Current development condition of process of metal clad plate,” Steelmaking, 17, No. 2, 20–23 (2001).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Sun and K. Wang, “Discussion on the production method and manufacturing technology of clad plate of stainless steel,” Shanghai Metals, 27, No. 1, 50–54 (2005).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Yang, X. Q. Zuo, M. W. Zhao, et al., “Research progress of manufacturing technology for stainless steel clad plate,” Mater. Heat Treat., 27, No. 1, 93–96 (2005).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Z. Hanzaki, P. D. Hodgson, and S. Yue, “The influence of bainite on retained austenite characteristics in Si–Mn TRIP steel,” ISIJ Int., 35, 81–84 (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Y. Chen
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. X. Li
    • 2
  • Z. G. Lin
    • 2
  • J. J. Qi
    • 2
  • L. Sun
    • 2
  • G. D. Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.The State Key Laboratory of Rolling and AutomationNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Technical DepartmentTechnology Research Institute of HBISShijiazhuangChina

Personalised recommendations