Advertisement

Sensing and Imaging

, 20:19 | Cite as

A 3D Normal Human Ear Atlas of Voxel-Based CT Images

  • Yan Zhang
  • Hui Zhang
  • Li ZhuoEmail author
  • Xiaoguang Li
  • Zhiyong Zhao
  • Pengfei Zhao
  • Zhenchang WangEmail author
Original Paper
  • 83 Downloads

Abstract

For the quantitative analysis of medical images in clinical research, diagnosis and treatment, a reliable basic framework for developing a normal human ear atlas of voxel-based computed tomography (CT) images was proposed. We annotated 10 precise ear structures with different labels from 64 patients with normal ear structures. Paired-samples t test, Pearson’s test and descriptive statistics were carried on the volume and coordinate data, which were first obtained from annotation to verify the correlation and difference. In addition, we constructed a three dimensional (3D) model of the standard human ear atlas with six views for presentation. Through a series of statistical analyses, a standard 3D normal human ear atlas containing volume and spatial data was obtained from voxel-based CT images. There was a significant negative correlation exists between age and the volume of the incus, and no correlation with other structures. There was no significant correlation between slice thickness and the volume of 10 structures. The volume of most structures on both sides is significantly correlated and there was no significant difference in the volume of most structures on both sides except for the jugular foramen. Besides, the coordinate range of the bilateral structures is relatively consistent. The specific volume and spatial data for the human ear atlas are helpful in the diagnosis of abnormalities, and this 3D normal human ear atlas will provide new insights for radiologists in clinical research.

Keywords

3D normal human ear atlas CT images Multi-planar reconstruction Voxel-based annotation Quantitative analysis 

Abbreviations

CT

Computed tomography

3D

Three dimensional

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work in this paper was supported by the Science and Technology Development Program of Beijing Education Committee (No. KM201810005026), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61871006), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61527807), Beijing Scholar 2015, and Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals’ Mission Plan (No. SML20150101).

References

  1. 1.
    Brodmann, K. (2000). Brodmann’s Localisation in the Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Anatomy, 196(3), 493.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fan, L., Li, H., Zhuo, J., et al. (2016). The human brainnetome atlas: A new brain atlas based on connectional architecture. Cerebral Cortex, 26(8), 3508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Glasser, M. F., Coalson, T. S., Robinson, E. C., et al. (2016). A multi-modal parcellation of human cerebral cortex. Nature, 536(7615), 171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Anson, B. J., & Bast, T. H. (1959). Development of the incus of the human ear; illustrated in atlas series. Quarterly Bulletin of the Northwestern University Medical School, 33(1), 44–59.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saunders, W. H., Paparella, M. M., & Etter, B. A. (1980). Atlas of ear surgery. Maryland Heights: C.V. Mosby.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harada, Y. (1983). Atlas of the ear by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 77(1), 90.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Michaels, L. (1992). Atlas of ear, nose and throat pathology. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 89(1), 153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bever, M. M., & Fekete, D. M. (2010). Atlas of the developing inner ear in zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics, 223(4), 536–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koyabu, D. (2017). 3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia). MorphoMuseum, 02(03), e3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Paterson, S., Tobias, K., Paterson, S., et al. (2013). Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. Atlas of Ear Diseases of the Dog & Cat, 62(3), 160–185.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mason, M. J. (2016). Structure and function of the mammalian middle ear. II: Inferring function from structure. Journal of Anatomy, 228(2), 300–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stoessel, A., David, R., Gunz, P., et al. (2016). Morphology and function of Neandertal and modern human ear ossicles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(41), 11489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ekdale, E. G. (2015). Correction: Comparative anatomy of the bony labyrinth (inner ear) of placental mammals. PLoS ONE, 10(8), e0137149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lyu, H. Y., Chen, K. G., Yin, D. M., et al. (2016). The age-related orientational changes of human semicircular canals. Clinical & Experimental Otorhinolaryngology, 9(2), 109–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vincent, V. R., Frank, D. B., Paul, P., et al. (2016). Semicircular canal fibrosis as a biomarker for lateral semicircular canal function loss. Frontiers in Neurology, 7(43), 28.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Grohé, C., Tseng, Z. J., Lebrun, R., et al. (2016). Bony labyrinth shape variation in extant Carnivora: A case study of Musteloidea. Journal of Anatomy, 228(3), 366–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Basch, M. L., Brown, R. M., Jen, H., et al. (2015). Where hearing starts: The development of the mammalian cochlea. Journal of Anatomy, 228(2), 233–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cureoglu, S., Baylan, M. Y., & Paparella, M. M. (2010). Cochlear otosclerosis. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head & Neck Surgery, 18(5), 357–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Quesnel, A. M., Moonis, G., Appel, J., et al. (2013). Correlation of computed tomography with histopathology in otosclerosis. Otology & Neurotology, 34(1), 22–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sennaroğlu, L., & Demir, B. M. (2017). Classification and current management of inner ear malformations. Balkan Medical Journal, 34(5), 397–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Alonso, F., Kassem, M. W., Iwanaga, J., et al. (2017). Anterior inferior cerebellar arteries juxtaposed with the internal acoustic meatus and their relationship to the cranial nerve VII/VIII complex. Cureus, 9(8), e1570.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Brook, C. D., Buch, K., Kaufmann, M., et al. (2015). The prevalence of high-riding jugular bulb in patients with suspected endolymphatic hydrops. Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B, 76(06), 471–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kao, E., Kefayati, S., Amans, M. R., et al. (2017). Flow patterns in the jugular veins of pulsatile tinnitus patients. Journal of Biomechanics, 52, 61–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Computational Intelligence and Intelligent SystemBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Microelectronics, Faculty of Information TechnologyBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyBeijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations