Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 673–685 | Cite as

Does learning-related social competence in the 1st grade predict academic achievement in the 3rd grade?

  • Visvaldas LegkauskasEmail author
  • Šarūnė Magelinskaitė-Legkauskienė
  • Albina Kepalaitė


This longitudinal study investigated the links between school anxiety, social competence, and teacher–student relationship in the 1st grade and academic achievement in the 3rd grade. The sample consisted of 389 Lithuanian school children who at the time of the study started their 1st year in elementary school. Regression analyses indicated that while the learning-related aspect of social competence at the 1st grade strongly predicted academic achievement in the 3rd grade, interpersonal aspect of social competence did not add any extra variance to the prediction. Both teacher–student conflict and social school anxiety at school entry made small but significant contributions towards prediction of academic achievement in the 3rd grade.


Academic achievement Elementary school School adjustment School anxiety Social competence Teacher–student relationship 



This work was supported by the Research Council of Lithuania under Grant No. MIP-003/2015.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyVytautas Magnus UniversityKaunasLithuania
  2. 2.Department of Health PsychologyLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania

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