Evolution of Management Cybernetics and Viable System Model

  • Amin VahidiEmail author
  • Alireza Aliahmad
  • Ebrahim Teimouri
Original Paper


The Viable System Model have pulled in system specialists’ interests lately. This field could help system analyzers and designers to deal with systems unpredictability and help them to handle dynamic evolving situations. This paper investigates Viable System Model recorded and late research patterns. To start with, presenting and creating verifiable pattern of this model has been examined. At that point late distribution patterns have been checked on by reviewing 1000 most essential and cited works Based on Google Scholar rank. Cybernetics developed in the Josiah Macy conferences, beginning in 1946. At that point, Wiener presented the field of Cybernetics and Ashby, Von Forester, and McCulloch built up this field as a train. This Management Cybernetics was presented in 1959 by Beer is a blend of frameworks of control, and management sciences. Beer introduced VSM as an operational model here. Reviewing 1000 most cited publications demonstrates the presentation of this field achieved maturity and further advancement turned out to be generally under development. In addition, in view of investigated patterns, application of VSM model would now be able to be firmly alluring.


Viable system model Variety Systems science, law of requisite variety 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amin Vahidi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alireza Aliahmad
    • 2
  • Ebrahim Teimouri
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Progress EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Industrial EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

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