Studies in East European Thought

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 63–72 | Cite as

Die Vorahnung der Revolution in den Werken russischer Schriftsteller

  • Dagmar MironowaEmail author


This article discusses the intellectual and spiritual atmosphere in Russia on the eve of the 1917 revolution. In particular, through the examples of Leo Tolstoy and Maxim Gorky, the author shows how the changes in the Russian economic and sociopolitical situation effected the intellectuals of the era. Despite the differences in social backgrounds, lifestyles, worldviews and artistic styles, Tolstoy’s and Gorky’s assessments of Russia’s developmental prospects were in many ways consistent. As this article demonstrates, the values held by both writers were grounded in their unorthodox religious views. In conclusion, the author reexamines Lenin’s assessment of both writers.


Leo Tolstoy Maxim Gorky Russian revolution Lenin Religion Realism 



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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PhilosophyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussian Federation

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