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Indicators of Militarism and Democracy in Comparative Context: How Militaristic Tendencies Influence Democratic Processes in OECD Countries 2010–2016

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Abstract

This paper is a comparative study of the problem of militarism and democracy, specifically the impact of the first on the second, in contemporary Western and similar societies such as 36 OECD countries over time as during the 2010–2016 period. The study first identifies the indicators of militarism and democracy and constructs by aggregating them their composite indexes. The study then provides cross-national data for militarism and democracy over time. It presents descriptive results and findings of a cross-sectional time-series analysis of militarism and democracy. The study infers that the findings vindicate the warning about the threat of militarism for democracy. The paper aims to contribute to better understanding and predicting how militarism and democracy relate, especially the first influences the second. It is a paper with a high originality in view of that comparative analyses of militarism and democracy are relatively scarce in the literature.

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Correspondence to Milan Zafirovski.

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Appendix

Appendix

See Tables 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 and Fig. 3.

Table 8 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2010
Table 9 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2011
Table 10 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2012
Table 11 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2013
Table 12 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2014
Table 13 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2015
Table 14 Index of militarism, OECD countries, 2016
Table 15 The ranking of the quality of democracy, OECD countries, 2010
Table 16 The ranking of the quality of democracy OECD countries, 2011
Table 17 The ranking of the quality of democracy OECD countries, 2012
Table 18 The ranking of the quality of democracy OECD countries, 2013
Table 19 The ranking of the quality of democracy OECD countries, 2014
Table 20 The ranking of the quality of democracy, OECD countries 2015
Table 21 The ranking of the quality of democracy, OECD countries, 2016 (estimate)
Table 22 GDP per capita, OECD countries, 2010–2016, US dollars
Table 23 Education index, OECD countries, 2010–2016
Table 24 Political culture index, OECD countries, 2010–2016

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Zafirovski, M. Indicators of Militarism and Democracy in Comparative Context: How Militaristic Tendencies Influence Democratic Processes in OECD Countries 2010–2016. Soc Indic Res 147, 159–202 (2020) doi:10.1007/s11205-019-02149-1

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Keywords

  • Democracy
  • Freedom
  • Militarism
  • Military–industrial complex
  • OECD
  • War