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Community Trust: A Social Indicator Related to Community Engagement

  • Immacolata Di NapoliEmail author
  • Pasquale Dolce
  • Caterina Arcidiacono
Article
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Abstract

A review of the literature has highlighted that some studies have defined an indicator of trust regarding one’s geographical community, but that few studies refer to the community, in relation to the role of its social interactions used to attain and promote personal and collective planning. Therefore, this study introduced community trust as a composite indicator used to measure community opportunities, as perceived by citizens, in addition to discovering their local culture. A third-order construct model was proposed, specifying community trust as a multidimensional construct, which is composed of two different domains: Community Action Orientation and Community Future Opportunities (CFO). Each domain was considered separately, although they are integral parts of community trust. The results showed that the proposed model performs well in measuring community trust. All blocks of variables indicated good internal consistency, and factor analysis results were consistent with the hypothesized dimensions in each block. Furthermore, the social ties indicator, known as sense of community, was measured using the Italian-version of the Sense of Community Scale. Factor analysis was applied to analyze data and to provide an indicator for sense of community. Finally, through a logistic regression, the relationship between both community trust and sense of community with community engagement were analyzed. We found that community trust is significantly associated with community engagement, while sense of community is not. The proposed community trust indicator offers some guidance to urban planners and local governments, when promoting urban development, social empowerment, and community wellbeing.

Keywords

Community trust Sense of community Community engagement Urban size 

Notes

Supplementary material

11205_2019_2114_MOESM1_ESM.docx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 13 kb)

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HumanitiesUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Public HealthUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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