An Investigation into the Reported Closing of the Nicaraguan Gender Gap

  • Alan PiperEmail author


For the last 5 years, the World Economic Forum’s annual Global Gender Gap Index has been reporting that Nicaragua is one of the most gender equal countries in the world. This is the culmination of a remarkable increase in gender equality in Nicaragua during the past decade, charted by the same index. This paper discusses the Index and the Nicaraguan context and then refers to the results of several waves of the Latinobarometer to investigate whether the change in gender equality has affected Nicaraguans’ (and particularly Nicaraguan women’s) perceptions of their lives. The underlying question is therefore whether satisfaction with life, and opinions about gender equality have, for Nicaraguans, altered between the period when Nicaragua was placed low on the gender equality ranking to when it had attained a high rating on the index just a few years later. The findings, which come from ordered probit regression analysis, reveal slight evidence of improvements over this time period and emphasise the importance of economic fundamentals.


Nicaragua Gender equality Global Gender Gap Index Life satisfaction Latinobarometer 

JEL Classification

I31 N36 



I am grateful to Amina Ahmed Lahsen for research assistance, and two anonymous referees for useful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International and Institutional Economics, International Institute of Management and Economic EducationEuropa-Universität FlensburgFlensburgGermany

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