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A Multidimensional Analysis of the EU Regional Inequalities

  • Francesca Parente
Article

Abstract

This article illustrates the steps followed to construct a measure that accounts for multidimensional inequality across European regions in terms of human development. First, a multidimensional index to explore the between inequalities across regions has been produced. Referring to UNDP (Human development report. Technical notes, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2018. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2018_technical_notes.pdf) updated methodology and integrating it with the European Commission (2011, 2014) contributions, a Human Development Index has been calculated for 205 regions in the European Union, within the span of time from 2000 to 2011. These estimates have then been adapted to inequality, based on intra-regional distribution of selected variables following the UNDP methodology to calculate an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index. This allowed to explore how the human development pattern changes when accounting for within inequalities, and to estimate the Loss in potential human development due to inequality in the society. The latter can serve as a measure for multidimensional inequality. Results show a generally increased level of human development achievements despite a widespread persistent level of inequalities in its distribution, as well as a spatial connotation of both dynamics.

Keywords

Europe Human development economics Inequality Multidimensional Regional 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I gratefully acknowledge helpful comments and suggestions from Michele Raitano, Giuseppe Croce, Pasquale De Muro, and the participants of the SESS Annual Seminar in December, 2016. I also would like to thank Dr. Ascani and Prof. Caroleo for their revisions, along with blind referees from this journal. All remaining errors are mine.

Supplementary material

11205_2018_2000_MOESM1_ESM.docx (128 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 127 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsSapienza Università di RomaRomeItaly

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