A Multidimensional Analysis of the EU Regional Inequalities

  • Francesca ParenteEmail author


This article illustrates the steps followed to construct a measure that accounts for multidimensional inequality across European regions in terms of human development. First, a multidimensional index to explore the between inequalities across regions has been produced. Referring to UNDP (Human development report. Technical notes, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2018. updated methodology and integrating it with the European Commission (2011, 2014) contributions, a Human Development Index has been calculated for 205 regions in the European Union, within the span of time from 2000 to 2011. These estimates have then been adapted to inequality, based on intra-regional distribution of selected variables following the UNDP methodology to calculate an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index. This allowed to explore how the human development pattern changes when accounting for within inequalities, and to estimate the Loss in potential human development due to inequality in the society. The latter can serve as a measure for multidimensional inequality. Results show a generally increased level of human development achievements despite a widespread persistent level of inequalities in its distribution, as well as a spatial connotation of both dynamics.


Europe Human development economics Inequality Multidimensional Regional 



I gratefully acknowledge helpful comments and suggestions from Michele Raitano, Giuseppe Croce, Pasquale De Muro, and the participants of the SESS Annual Seminar in December, 2016. I also would like to thank Dr. Ascani and Prof. Caroleo for their revisions, along with blind referees from this journal. All remaining errors are mine.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 127 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsSapienza Università di RomaRomeItaly

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