Social Indicators Research

, Volume 146, Issue 1–2, pp 345–359 | Cite as

Do UNESCO World Heritage Sites Influence International Tourist Arrivals? Evidence from Italian Provincial Data

  • Elina De SimoneEmail author
  • Rosaria Rita Canale
  • Amedeo Di Maio


This paper investigates—through dynamic panel data techniques—the impact of Unesco World Heritage List (WHL) sites on international tourist arrivals. Relying on a sample of Italian provinces over the period 1997–2015, a positive effect of WHL inscriptions on foreign visitors’ attractiveness is found. These results provide a further contribution to the debate about the role of WHL in fostering tourism, and, differently from other analyses on the Italian regions, support the conclusion that the inscription in the list can play a role in promoting attractiveness.


World Heritage List International tourism Italian provinces Dynamic panel Error correction model 



Authors are grateful to prof. Ilde Rizzo, participants to IES 2017 conference in Naples and two anonymous referees for very helpful comments and suggestions. Rosaria Rita Canale and Elina De Simone acknowledge financial support from Parthenope University, Bando di sostegno alla ricerca, annualità 2016.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business and Economic StudiesUniversity of Naples ParthenopeNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Human and Social SciencesUniversity of Naples L’OrientaleNaplesItaly

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