Similarities and Differences in Competitiveness Among European NUTS2 Regions: An Empirical Analysis Based on 2010–2013 Data
- 93 Downloads
Regional competitiveness is a concept whose definition and applicability is highly debated among scholars. Nevertheless, over recent years it has become widespread among policy makers and practitioners, especially in the European Union. In line with this diffusion a number of alternative composite indicators of regional competitiveness have been released. Instead of building a composite index, this paper carries out empirical analyses whose aim is to analyze the European NUTS2 regions’ performance for those indicators that, according to the literature, contribute to the definition of competitiveness. Results highlight the existence of a competitiveness divide between Northern European countries, which report better performances for most of the competitiveness indicators, and Southern/Eastern ones. The group of more competitive regions expands over time by including regions from Centre European countries while within peripheral regions a stable gap between regions where metropolitan areas are located and the others exists.
KeywordsRegional Competitiveness Cluster analysis Structural equation modeling
Jel codesR11 R19
- Annoni, P. & Dijkstra, L. (2010). EU regional competitiveness index 2010. JRC Research and Technical Reports, EU Commission, Joint Research Centre.Google Scholar
- Annoni, P., & Dijkstra, L. (2017). Measuring and monitoring regional competitiveness in the European Union. In R. Huggins & P. Thompson (Eds.), Handbook of Regions and Competitiveness-Contemporary Theories and Perspectives on Economic Development. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
- Annoni P., Dijkstra L. & Gargano N. (2017). The EU Regional Competitiveness Index 2016. European Union Regional Policy Working Papers, n. 02/2017. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264266490.
- Borozan, Đ. (2008). Regional competitiveness: Some conceptual issues and policy implications. Interdisciplinary Management Research, 4(1), 50–63.Google Scholar
- Bristow, G. (2010). Resilient regions: re-‘place’ing regional competitiveness. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, rsp030.Google Scholar
- Cellini, R., & Soci, A. (2002). Pop competitiveness. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, 55(220), 71.Google Scholar
- Eurochambers. (2007). Regional Competitiveness Atlas. Brussels: Eurochambers.Google Scholar
- Hastie, T., Tibshirani, R., & Friedman, J. (2009). Unsupervised learning. In The elements of statistical learning (pp. 485–585). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Huggins, R. & Davies, W. (2006). European Competitiveness Index 2006–07. Robert Huggins Associates.Google Scholar
- Huggins, R. & Izushi, H. (2008) UK Competitiveness Index 2008. University of Wales Institute, Cardiff—UWIC: Centre for International Competitiveness—Cardiff School of Management. http://www.cforic.org/downloads.php. Accessed 4 May 2018.
- Huovari, J., Kangasharju, A. & Alanen, A. (2001) Constructing an index for regional competitiveness. Helsinki: Peelervo Economic Research Institute—Working paper No 44. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e725/f9aec49693ba0045ae26bfd50610e9951f26.pdf. Accessed 4 May 2018.
- Kaufman, L., & Rousseeuw, P. J. (2009). Finding groups in data: an introduction to cluster analysis (Vol. 344). London: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Keppel, G., & Wickens, T. D. (2004). Design and analysis: A researchers handbook (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Kronthaler, F. (2003). A study of the competitiveness of regions based on a cluster analysis: The example of East Germany (p. 179). Halle: Halle Institute for Economic Research.Google Scholar
- Krugman, P. (2005). Second winds for industrial regions. New wealth for old nations: Scotland’s economic prospects, 35–47.Google Scholar
- Martin, R. (2005). Thinking about regional competitiveness: Critical issues. Nottingham: Report Commissioned by the East Midlands Development Agency.Google Scholar
- Nardo, M., Saisana, M., Saltelli, A., & Tarantola, S. (2005). Tools for composite indicators building-EUR 21682 EN. Ispra: Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen.Google Scholar
- UNDP. (2008). Regional competitiveness index croatia 2007. Zagreb: United Nations Development Programme.Google Scholar